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48 terms

Core Concepts

Chapters 8 & 12
STUDY
PLAY
peps
digestion
glyc
glucose (sugar)
dips
thirst
crin
to secrete
thyn
thymus gland
-ism
state of
adrenal
adrenal gland
thyroid
thyroid gland
ile
ileum
hepat
liver
enter
intestines (usually the small intestine)
esophag
esophagus
sigmoid
sigmoid colon
rect
rectum
col; colon
colon (usually the large intestines)
lapar
abdomen (abdominal cavity or abdominal wall)
phag
swallowing; eating
duoden
duodenum
jejun
jejunum
lingu
tongue
gloss
tongue
abdomin
abdomen (abdominal cavity or abdominal wall)
pancreat
pancreas
gingiv
gums
proct
rectum
gastr
stomach
or
mouth
-algia
pain
append; appendic
appendix
chol
gall; bile
Crohn's disease
chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract usually affecting the ileum and characterized by cobblestone ulcerations and the formation of scar tissue that may lead to intestinal obstruction
diarrhea
abnormally frequent discharge of partially solid or fluid fecal matter
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
radiographic examination of the billiary tract and pancreatic ducts with contrast media, fluoroscopy, and endoscopy
gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
disorder characterized by the abnormal backward flow of the gastrointestinal contents into the esophagus
hemorrhoid
varicose vein in the rectal area, which may be internal or external
hernia
protrusion of an organ through a membrane or a cavity wall
peptic ulcer
eroded area of the muccous membrane of the stomach or duodenum associated with increased secretion of acid from the stomach
polyp
tumorlike growth extending outward from the mucous membrane
ulcerative colitis
a disease characterized by inflammation of the colon with the formation of ulcers
upper GI series (UGI series)
a diagnostic procedure in which a series of radiographic images are taken of the stomach and duodenum after the contrast agent barium has been swallowed (also called a barium swallow)
EGD
esophagogastroduodenoscopy ---> a visual examination of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum
ERCP
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography ---> radiographic examination of the biliary tract and pancreatic ducts with contrast media, fluoroscopy, and endoscopy
BE
Barium Enema ---> series of radiographic images taken of the large intestines after a contrast agent has been administered rectally
GERD
gastroesophogeal reflux disease ---> abnormal backflow of the gastrointestinal contents into the esophagus
islets of Langerhans
clusters of endocrine tissue found throughout the pancreas made up of different cell types that secrete the hormone insulin
adrenal gland
gland that secretes adrenaline, one of which is located above each kidney
hormone
a chemical substance secreted by an endocrine gland that is carried by the blood to a target tissue
metabolism
sum total of all the chemical processes that take place in each living organism