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a severe allergic reaction usually occurs immediately after the administration of the drug
process by which a drug is converted to a less active form; also called detoxification
the name by which a chemist knows the drug; describes the constituents of the drug precisely
the increasing response to repeated doses of a drug that occurs when the rate of administration exceeds the rate of metabolism or excretion
a chemical compound taken for disease prevention, diagnosis, cure, or relief or to affect the structure or function of the body
the time required for the elimination process to reduce the concentration of the drug to one half what it was at initial administration
a client's variation in response to a drug is influenced by age, gender, size, and body composition
a condition in which successive increases in the dosage of a drug are required to maintain a given therapeutic effect
a tube which is surgically placed directly into the client's stomach and provides another route for administering nutrition and medications
a drug name not protected by trademark and usually describing the chemical structure of the drug
a type of syringe that comes in 2-, 2.5-, and 3-mL sizes; the syringe usually has two scales marked on it: the minim and the milliliter
a different, unexpected or individual effect from the normal one usually expected from a medication; the occurrence of unpredictable and unexplainable symptoms
similar to a hypodermic syringe, but the scale is specially designed for insulin: a 100-unit calibrated scale intended for use with U-100 insulin
the administration of a drug into the dermal layer of the skin just beneath the epidermis
injections into muscle tissue are absorbed more quickly than subcutaneous injections because of the greater blood supply to the body muscles
a substance administered for the diagnosis, cure, treatment, relief of a symptom, or prevention of disease
the sum of all the physical and chemical processes by which living substance is formed and maintained and by which energy is made available for use by the organism
Metered-dose inhaler (MDI)
a handheld nebulizer, which is a pressurized container of medication that can be used by the client to release the medication through a mouthpiece
a tube is inserted by way of the nasopharynx and is placed into the client's stomach for the purpose of feeding the client or to remove gastric secretions
the name under which a drug is listed in one of the official publications (e.g., the United States Pharmacopeia)
drug administration occurring outside the alimentary tract; injected into the body through some route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intramuscularly)
Peak plasma level
the concentration of a drug in the blood plasma that occurs when the elimination rate equals the rate of absorption
the study of the absorption, distribution, biotransformation, and excretion of drugs
a book containing a list of drug products used in medicine, including their descriptions and formulas
the art of preparing, compounding, and dispensing drugs; also refers to the place where drugs are prepared and dispensed
biochemical changes occurring in the body as a result of excessive use of a drug
Prefilled unit-dose system
injectable medications that are disposable and are available as (a) prefilled syringes ready for use or (b) prefilled sterile cartridges and needles that require the attachment of a reusable holder (injection system) before use
as needed order, permits the nurse to give a medication when, in the nurse's judgment, the client requires it
a state of emotional reliance on a drug to maintain one's well-being; a feeling of need or craving for a drug
the secondary effect of a drug that is unintended; usually predictable and may be either harmless or potentially harmful
common medication order which "one-time order" is for medication to be given once at a specified time
drugs that have no special pharmacologic action of their own but that inhibit or prevent the action of an agonist
common medication order which indicates that the medication is to be given immediately and only once
originally designed to administer tuberculin; a narrow syringe, calibrated in tenths and hundredths of a milliliter (up to 1 mL) on one scale and in sixteenths of a minim (up to 1 minim) on the other scale
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