Chapter 36 - APUSH

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51. Americans feared that the end of World War II would bring mainly

a return to the depression

52. The Taft-Hartley Act delivered a major blow to labor by

outlawing "closed" (all-union) shops.

53. On the home front in 1946, postwar America was characterized by

fear that the labor markets could not absorb millions of discharged veterans.

54. The Taft-Hartley Act of 1947 was passed to check the growing power of

labor unions.

55. The growth of organized labor in the post-WWII era was slowed by all of the following except

the reduced number of women in the work force.

56. In an effort to forestall an economic downturn, the Truman administration did all of the following except

continue wartime wage and price controls.

57. The post-World War II prosperity in the United States was most beneficial to


58. The feminist revolt of the 1960s was sparked by

a clash between the demands of the traditional role of women as wives and mothers and the realities of employment

59. The long economic boom from World War II to the 1970s was fueled primarily by

reduced military expenditures.

60. Much of the prosperity of the 1950s and 1960s rested on

colossal military budgets.

61. One sign of the stress that the immediate growth of post-World War II geographic mobility placed on American families was the

popularity of advice books on child-rearing.

62. Post-World War II American workers made spectacular gains in productivity owing to

their rising educational levels

63. Since 1945, population in the United States has grown most in the


64. Much of the Sunbelt's new prosperity was based on its

tremendous influx of money from the federal government.

65. All of the following encouraged many Americans to move to the suburbs except

development of fuel-efficient automobiles.

66. The rapid rise of suburbia in post-WWII America can be attributed to

all of the above

67. By 1960, the proportion of Americans who lived in areas classified as metropolitan suburbs was approximately

one out of four (25%).

68. The continued growth of the suburbs led to

an increase in urban poverty.

69. Population distribution after World War II followed a pattern of

an urban-suburban segregation of blacks and whites in major metropolitan areas.

70. The refusal of FHA administrators to grant home loans to blacks resulted in

all of the above.

71. The huge "baby boom" crested in the __________and has been declining ever since.

late 1950s

The baby-boom generation will create a major problem in the future by

placing an enormous strain on the Social Security system

73. Harry Truman possessed all of the following personal characteristics except

willingness to admit mistakes.

74. The United States believed that it was desirable to have the Soviet Union participate in the projected invasion of Japan because

Soviet help could reduce the number of American casualties

The origins of the Cold War lay in a fundamental disagreement between the United States and the Soviet Union over postwar arrangements in

Eastern Europe.

76. Joseph Stalin's postwar security concerns focused primarily on

Eastern Europe

77. The responsibility for starting the Cold War rests with the

United States and Soviet Union

. The earliest and most serious failure of the United Nations involved its inability to

control atomic energy, especially the manufacture of weapons.

79. In regard to postwar Germany, the Big Three allies agreed that

high-ranking Nazis should be tried and punished for war crimes

80. When the Soviet Union denied the United States, Britain, and France access to Berlin in 1948, President Truman responded by

organizing a gigantic airlift of supplies to Berlin.

81. Soviet specialist George F. Kennan framed a coherent approach for America in the Cold War by advising a policy of


82. The postwar policies adopted by the Truman administration toward the Soviet Union were based on the assumption that the Soviet Union was inherently


83. The immediate concern that prompted the announcement of the Truman Doctrine was related to events in

Greece and Turkey

84. Under the Truman Doctrine, the United States pledged to

support those who were resisting subjugation by communists.

85. Match each postwar American program below with its primary purpose.

A. Point Four
D. Marshall Plan
C. Truman Doctrine

1. assist communist-threatened Greece and
2. promote economic recovery of Europe
3. aid underdeveloped nations of Latin
America, Asia, and Africa
4. resist Soviet military threat

A-3, B-4, C-1, D-2

86. Truman's defenders argue that he exaggerated the Soviet threat because he

received bad intelligence from the CIA

87. President Truman's Marshall Plan called for

substantial financial assistance to rebuild Western Europe.

88. The Marshall Plan finally passed Congress largely because it was perceived there as

economically beneficial to the United States

89. All of the following objected to President Truman's support for the establishment of the state of Israel except

America's European allies

90. American membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization did all of the following for the country except

reduce our defense expenditures, since we would get help from other countries.

91. The United States' participation in NATO

all of the above.

92. Postwar Japan

had its military leaders tried for war crimes, as had occurred in Germany.

93. The United States, under the North Atlantic pact

assumed a moral commitment to aid any signatory assaulted by the Soviet Union

94. Jiang Jieshi and the Nationalist government lost the Chinese civil war to the communists and Mao Ze-dong mainly because

Jiang lost the support and confidence of the Chinese people.

95. In an effort to detect communists within the government, President Harry Truman established the

Loyalty Review Board.

96. In 1948, many southern Democrats split from the party because

President Truman took a strong stand in favor of civil rights.

97. Match each 1948 presidential candidate below with his political party.

B. Henry Wallace
A. J. Strom Thurmond
C. Harry S Truman
D. Thomas E. Dewey

1. Progressive
2. Democratic
3. States' Rights
4. Republican

A-3, B-1, C-2, D-4

98. President Truman's domestic welfare legislative plan was dubbed the

Fair Deal.

99. President Truman's action upon hearing of the invasion of South Korea illustrated his commitment to a foreign policy of


100. NSC-68 called for

a massive increase in military spending.

101. The NSC-68 document reflected the American belief

in the limitless capabilities of the American economy and society.

102. President Harry Truman relieved General Douglas MacArthur from command of United Nations troops in Korea when

MacArthur began to take issue publicly with presidential policies.

103. The imperious and insubordinate commander in Korea who was fired by
President Truman was General ______


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