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Chapter 36 - APUSH

51. Americans feared that the end of World War II would bring mainly
a return to the depression
52. The Taft-Hartley Act delivered a major blow to labor by
outlawing "closed" (all-union) shops.
53. On the home front in 1946, postwar America was characterized by
fear that the labor markets could not absorb millions of discharged veterans.
54. The Taft-Hartley Act of 1947 was passed to check the growing power of
labor unions.
55. The growth of organized labor in the post-WWII era was slowed by all of the following except
the reduced number of women in the work force.
56. In an effort to forestall an economic downturn, the Truman administration did all of the following except
continue wartime wage and price controls.
57. The post-World War II prosperity in the United States was most beneficial to
58. The feminist revolt of the 1960s was sparked by
a clash between the demands of the traditional role of women as wives and mothers and the realities of employment
59. The long economic boom from World War II to the 1970s was fueled primarily by
reduced military expenditures.
60. Much of the prosperity of the 1950s and 1960s rested on
colossal military budgets.
61. One sign of the stress that the immediate growth of post-World War II geographic mobility placed on American families was the
popularity of advice books on child-rearing.
62. Post-World War II American workers made spectacular gains in productivity owing to
their rising educational levels
63. Since 1945, population in the United States has grown most in the
64. Much of the Sunbelt's new prosperity was based on its
tremendous influx of money from the federal government.
65. All of the following encouraged many Americans to move to the suburbs except
development of fuel-efficient automobiles.
66. The rapid rise of suburbia in post-WWII America can be attributed to
all of the above
67. By 1960, the proportion of Americans who lived in areas classified as metropolitan suburbs was approximately
one out of four (25%).
68. The continued growth of the suburbs led to
an increase in urban poverty.
69. Population distribution after World War II followed a pattern of
an urban-suburban segregation of blacks and whites in major metropolitan areas.
70. The refusal of FHA administrators to grant home loans to blacks resulted in
all of the above.
71. The huge "baby boom" crested in the __________and has been declining ever since.
late 1950s
The baby-boom generation will create a major problem in the future by
placing an enormous strain on the Social Security system
73. Harry Truman possessed all of the following personal characteristics except
willingness to admit mistakes.
74. The United States believed that it was desirable to have the Soviet Union participate in the projected invasion of Japan because
Soviet help could reduce the number of American casualties
The origins of the Cold War lay in a fundamental disagreement between the United States and the Soviet Union over postwar arrangements in
Eastern Europe.
76. Joseph Stalin's postwar security concerns focused primarily on
Eastern Europe
77. The responsibility for starting the Cold War rests with the
United States and Soviet Union
. The earliest and most serious failure of the United Nations involved its inability to
control atomic energy, especially the manufacture of weapons.
79. In regard to postwar Germany, the Big Three allies agreed that
high-ranking Nazis should be tried and punished for war crimes
80. When the Soviet Union denied the United States, Britain, and France access to Berlin in 1948, President Truman responded by
organizing a gigantic airlift of supplies to Berlin.
81. Soviet specialist George F. Kennan framed a coherent approach for America in the Cold War by advising a policy of
82. The postwar policies adopted by the Truman administration toward the Soviet Union were based on the assumption that the Soviet Union was inherently
83. The immediate concern that prompted the announcement of the Truman Doctrine was related to events in
Greece and Turkey
84. Under the Truman Doctrine, the United States pledged to
support those who were resisting subjugation by communists.
85. Match each postwar American program below with its primary purpose.

A. Point Four
D. Marshall Plan
C. Truman Doctrine

1. assist communist-threatened Greece and
2. promote economic recovery of Europe
3. aid underdeveloped nations of Latin
America, Asia, and Africa
4. resist Soviet military threat
A-3, B-4, C-1, D-2
86. Truman's defenders argue that he exaggerated the Soviet threat because he
received bad intelligence from the CIA
87. President Truman's Marshall Plan called for
substantial financial assistance to rebuild Western Europe.
88. The Marshall Plan finally passed Congress largely because it was perceived there as
economically beneficial to the United States
89. All of the following objected to President Truman's support for the establishment of the state of Israel except
America's European allies
90. American membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization did all of the following for the country except
reduce our defense expenditures, since we would get help from other countries.
91. The United States' participation in NATO
all of the above.
92. Postwar Japan
had its military leaders tried for war crimes, as had occurred in Germany.
93. The United States, under the North Atlantic pact
assumed a moral commitment to aid any signatory assaulted by the Soviet Union
94. Jiang Jieshi and the Nationalist government lost the Chinese civil war to the communists and Mao Ze-dong mainly because
Jiang lost the support and confidence of the Chinese people.
95. In an effort to detect communists within the government, President Harry Truman established the
Loyalty Review Board.
96. In 1948, many southern Democrats split from the party because
President Truman took a strong stand in favor of civil rights.
97. Match each 1948 presidential candidate below with his political party.

B. Henry Wallace
A. J. Strom Thurmond
C. Harry S Truman
D. Thomas E. Dewey

1. Progressive
2. Democratic
3. States' Rights
4. Republican
A-3, B-1, C-2, D-4
98. President Truman's domestic welfare legislative plan was dubbed the
Fair Deal.
99. President Truman's action upon hearing of the invasion of South Korea illustrated his commitment to a foreign policy of
100. NSC-68 called for
a massive increase in military spending.
101. The NSC-68 document reflected the American belief
in the limitless capabilities of the American economy and society.
102. President Harry Truman relieved General Douglas MacArthur from command of United Nations troops in Korea when
MacArthur began to take issue publicly with presidential policies.
103. The imperious and insubordinate commander in Korea who was fired by
President Truman was General ______