Search
Browse
Create
Log in
Sign up
Log in
Sign up
Upgrade to remove ads
Only $2.99/month
Comparing and Scaling
STUDY
Flashcards
Learn
Write
Spell
Test
PLAY
Match
Gravity
Terms in this set (11)
ratio
A ______________________ is a comparison of two quantities expressed with a phrase such as '4 to 1' which means '4 for every 1.' Such comparisons are often written as common fractions and in the special notation 4 : 1.
part-to-part ratio
A ______________________ represents a relationship between one part of a whole and another part of the whole.
part-to-whole ratio
A ______________________ represents a relationship between one part of a whole and the whole.
equation
A ______________________ is a rule containing variables that represent a mathematical relationship. An example is the equation 27 = 3x.
proportion
A ______________________ is an equation stating that two ratios are equal.
rate
A comparison of quantities measured in two different units is called a ______________________. It can be thought of as a direct comparison of two sets (20 cookies for 5 children) or as an average amount (4 cookies per child).
rate table
A ______________________ is a table that shows the value of a single item in terms of another item. It is used to show equivalent ratios of the two items.
unit rate
A ______________________ is a rate in which the second number (usually written as the denominator) is 1, or 1 of a quantity. For example, 1.9 children per family, 32 miles per gallon, and 3 flavors of ice cream for every 1 banana split.
constant of proportionality
The constant ratio of two proportional quantities, x and y; usually written as y=kx, where k is the ______________________. For example, in the equation y=1.5x, the ______________________ is 1.5.
commission
The amount earned, based on the percent of total sales. For example, a car salesperson who earns 10% on car sales and sells $60,000 worth of cars would earn a ______________________ of $6,000 (10% of $60,000).
markup
A ______________________ is the amount added to the buying price of an item. It is usually a percent of the buying price.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Accentuate the Negative
15 terms
Shapes and Designs
16 terms
Stretching and Shrinking
12 terms
Moving Straight Ahead
12 terms
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Comparing and Scaling
13 terms
Comparing & Scaling Vocabulary
11 terms
Ratios, Rates, and Percents
15 terms
Unit 2 Vocab. // Math
16 terms
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
What Do You Expect?
16 terms
Common Core Mathematics Vocabulary for Grade 7
96 terms