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86 terms

Art 1010 Final 2

STUDY
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The Chinese believe that painting is derived from the art of
Calligraphy
An identifying mark or trademark is referred to as a(n) _______.
Logo
One of America's prime contributions to 20th-century architecture was
Skyscraper
Often mosques include one or more _______, which mark the building's location and are used by chanters who ascend and call the faithful to prayer.
Minarets
Which of the following is a type of stencil printing
Serigraphy
According to experts' contemporary theory, Stonehenge was possibly created to
Calculate solar and lunar movements
Opaque watercolor is sometimes called
Gouache
The organization of visual elements in a work of art is referred to as _______.
The Composition
The indigenous religion of Japan is an ancient form of nature and ancestor worship called
Shinto
Site works differ from earthworks in that site works are designed to interact with the environment, whereas earthworks
Merge with the landscape
In filmmaking, each unbroken sequence of movie frames, with the camera still rolling, is called a
Shot
Early burial mounds led to the Indian
Stupa
A _______ is a particular material, along with its accompanying technique
Medium
A very thin, transparent film of color painted over an already-painted surface is called:
Glaze
The first large sculpture since Roman times can be found _______ in Romanesque churches
Over the central doorway
Cooperative events, in which viewers participate with principals in loosely scripted scenarios, are called
happenings
This artist is best known for expanding the traditional limitations of artistic media by incorporating video and electronic media into his/her artwork, as can be seen in Video Flag Z
Nam Jane Paik
Known for their monumental carved heads, the _______ were the earliest known culture to develop in the Gulf Coast of Mexico.
Olmec
Zimbabwe, as in the Great Zimbabwe, means
Stone House
The first Christian churches were patterned after Roman basilicas used by the Romans as
Government Buildings
The Futurists were inspired by Cubism and glorified
Speed
In the Netherlands, the major patrons of such artists as Vermeer and Rembrandt were
The wealthy merchant class
At various stages in the printmaking process, artists make what are called _______ to check on the developing image
proofs
In his search for spiritual truth, Paul Gauguin moved to _______, where he spent the rest of his life
Tahiti
_______ was an early advocate of photography as an art form. He/she opened a gallery in New York City in 1905
Steiglitz
The Crystal Palace by Joseph Paxton is an excellent example of architecture using
Cast Iron
Leonardo da Vinci's technique of blurred edges, called _______, can be seen in his Mona Lisa
Sfumato
Large Reclining Nude is the final result of this artist's long process of planning and rearranging the design of the composition
Henri Matisse
The Hopewell culture built large mounds, such as the Great Serpent Mound in what is now the state of:
Ohio
The head from the _______ culture is one of the oldest surviving examples of sub-Saharan art
Nok
In Nigeria, the Yoruba have a strong tradition of
Wood Carving
Which of the following occurs when equal forms, masses, or elements balance one another?
symmetrical
The architect Frank O. Gehry has the idea that architecture is similar to functional sculpture, as can be seen in his _______.
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
In the late 1950s, a group of students in Nigeria formed the Zaria Art Society with the goal of expressing
More of their African Identity
The art and science of making objects from clay is called
Ceramics
One of the earliest forms of photographic images was a
Daguerrotype
Because of the 20th century's rapid changes and discoveries, artists searching for new ways to express new realities felt they had to put aside dependence on
The Renaissance
Perhaps because of the pollution caused by the Industrial Revolution, British art in the late 18th- and early 19th-centuries seemed to focus on
Landscape
The term "value," in the sense of art, refers to the
Lightness and darkness of the surfaces
The device invented in the 16th century as a means of capturing and fixing images from the natural world whose name means 'dark room' is
camera obscura
The method of photography that first allowed families in the United States and Europe to collect photos of themselves was
daguerrotype
The New Zealand natives known as _______ used a meeting house for extended family gatherings and rituals
Maoris
The Chicago school of architecture was led by the first great modern American architect
Louis Sullivan
In the photograph Pepper #30, this artist combines awareness, creativity, and communication by encouraging the viewer to look closely at an object
Edward Weston
In The Kiss, the artist Rodin expressed the _______ of love, while the artist Brancusi expressed the _______ of love
Feeling idea
Michelangelo's David has a pose influenced by the sculpture of the ancient
Greeks
The ancient cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were located in the
Indus Valley
Surrealism attempted to combine dreams with reality states, even though recognizing the two were
Contradictory
In his letters to his brother Theo, Vincent van Gogh expressed his ideas about color as a force to show
emotion
As Minimalism and hard-edge developed, paintings came to be seen as objects themselves, rather than as
Representations of other things
Original prints are produced in quantities called
Limited Editions
In Jan van Eyck's The Marriage of Giovanni Arnolfini and Giovanna Cenami, the woman is wearing green because
It symbolizes money
Edgar Degas' paintings revealed his interest in the candid attitudes found in street photography and the asymmetry of
Japanese Prints
_______universal elements were straight lines, primary colors and rectangles
Piet Mondrain
The word 'Neolithic' means
New Stone
African textiles feature long narrow strips of cloth that are _______ and _______ together to make garments or blankets
woven, sewn
_______ invented the Polaroid camera.
Edwin Land
Art criticism involves making _______, both favorable and unfavorable.
Judgements
The potter's wheel was invented in
Mesopotamia
Mies van der Rohe designed the German Pavilion building and many others, including the Seagram Building in New York City. Influential to the profile of many American city skylines, the works of this artist epitomize
The International Style
Henri Matisse was the leader of which artistic movement?
Fauvism
Early Christian Art was created in private homes and underground burial chambers called
Catacombs
_______ is an excellent example of Gothic architecture
Charles Cathedral
Architecture is the art and science of designing and constructing buildings for practical, aesthetic, and _______ purposes.
Symbolic
Rococo paintings mainly showed:
Life without troubles
Vik Muniz's Atlas (Carlao) was created by arranging_______ on his studio floor, photographing the arrangement, then painting from the photograph.
Garbage
In painting media, the pigment provides
Color
Although not a member of the Surrealists, _______ used their approach in her autobiographical works
Joan Miro
Many Baroque characteristics developed as propaganda for the
Counter Reformation
Porcelain plates made by the Chinese were decorated using _______ because it was the only color that could survive the high heat of the kilns
Blue coloring
Claude Monet's Impression: Sunrise began the movement known as
Impressionism
_______ used photographs to increase public awareness of the beauty of nature in his/her photos of national parks
Adams
Japanese ukiyo-e prints depicted
The everyday world
Most art critics and historians agree that the era of modern art ended in the _____.
1980's
The _______ are known for their skill at building with huge, carefully cut and fitted stones as seen in Machu Picchu
Inca
A(n) _______ drawing must be sprayed with a solution of thinned varnish to keep particles of the medium affixed to the surface
Charcoal
It was Marcel Duchamp who was responsible for bringing motion to
Cubism
Teotihuacan featured temples, such as the Pyramid of the Sun, with decorations of
Feathered Serpents
The result of the process of arranging, selecting and ordering is called the
Design
When sculptors work with soft materials, they often use a(n) _______ to prevent sagging
Armature
The Japanese group Gutai functioned from 1954 to 1972. In their manifesto, they proclaimed
The end of traditional art making
The juxtaposition of strongly dissimilar elements is referred to as _______.
Contrast
An extremely thick application of oil paint is called _______.
Impasto
_______ refers to size relationships between parts of a whole
Proportion
The short lines or feet at the base of type are called _______.
Serifs
Olafur Eliasson's The Weather Project is an excellent example of
Site Specific