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The Chinese believe that painting is derived from the art of


An identifying mark or trademark is referred to as a(n) _______.


One of America's prime contributions to 20th-century architecture was


Often mosques include one or more _______, which mark the building's location and are used by chanters who ascend and call the faithful to prayer.


Which of the following is a type of stencil printing


According to experts' contemporary theory, Stonehenge was possibly created to

Calculate solar and lunar movements

Opaque watercolor is sometimes called


The organization of visual elements in a work of art is referred to as _______.

The Composition

The indigenous religion of Japan is an ancient form of nature and ancestor worship called


Site works differ from earthworks in that site works are designed to interact with the environment, whereas earthworks

Merge with the landscape

In filmmaking, each unbroken sequence of movie frames, with the camera still rolling, is called a


Early burial mounds led to the Indian


A _______ is a particular material, along with its accompanying technique


A very thin, transparent film of color painted over an already-painted surface is called:


The first large sculpture since Roman times can be found _______ in Romanesque churches

Over the central doorway

Cooperative events, in which viewers participate with principals in loosely scripted scenarios, are called


This artist is best known for expanding the traditional limitations of artistic media by incorporating video and electronic media into his/her artwork, as can be seen in Video Flag Z

Nam Jane Paik

Known for their monumental carved heads, the _______ were the earliest known culture to develop in the Gulf Coast of Mexico.


Zimbabwe, as in the Great Zimbabwe, means

Stone House

The first Christian churches were patterned after Roman basilicas used by the Romans as

Government Buildings

The Futurists were inspired by Cubism and glorified


In the Netherlands, the major patrons of such artists as Vermeer and Rembrandt were

The wealthy merchant class

At various stages in the printmaking process, artists make what are called _______ to check on the developing image


In his search for spiritual truth, Paul Gauguin moved to _______, where he spent the rest of his life


_______ was an early advocate of photography as an art form. He/she opened a gallery in New York City in 1905


The Crystal Palace by Joseph Paxton is an excellent example of architecture using

Cast Iron

Leonardo da Vinci's technique of blurred edges, called _______, can be seen in his Mona Lisa


Large Reclining Nude is the final result of this artist's long process of planning and rearranging the design of the composition

Henri Matisse

The Hopewell culture built large mounds, such as the Great Serpent Mound in what is now the state of:


The head from the _______ culture is one of the oldest surviving examples of sub-Saharan art


In Nigeria, the Yoruba have a strong tradition of

Wood Carving

Which of the following occurs when equal forms, masses, or elements balance one another?


The architect Frank O. Gehry has the idea that architecture is similar to functional sculpture, as can be seen in his _______.

Guggenheim Museum Bilbao

In the late 1950s, a group of students in Nigeria formed the Zaria Art Society with the goal of expressing

More of their African Identity

The art and science of making objects from clay is called


One of the earliest forms of photographic images was a


Because of the 20th century's rapid changes and discoveries, artists searching for new ways to express new realities felt they had to put aside dependence on

The Renaissance

Perhaps because of the pollution caused by the Industrial Revolution, British art in the late 18th- and early 19th-centuries seemed to focus on


The term "value," in the sense of art, refers to the

Lightness and darkness of the surfaces

The device invented in the 16th century as a means of capturing and fixing images from the natural world whose name means 'dark room' is

camera obscura

The method of photography that first allowed families in the United States and Europe to collect photos of themselves was


The New Zealand natives known as _______ used a meeting house for extended family gatherings and rituals


The Chicago school of architecture was led by the first great modern American architect

Louis Sullivan

In the photograph Pepper #30, this artist combines awareness, creativity, and communication by encouraging the viewer to look closely at an object

Edward Weston

In The Kiss, the artist Rodin expressed the _______ of love, while the artist Brancusi expressed the _______ of love

Feeling idea

Michelangelo's David has a pose influenced by the sculpture of the ancient


The ancient cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were located in the

Indus Valley

Surrealism attempted to combine dreams with reality states, even though recognizing the two were


In his letters to his brother Theo, Vincent van Gogh expressed his ideas about color as a force to show


As Minimalism and hard-edge developed, paintings came to be seen as objects themselves, rather than as

Representations of other things

Original prints are produced in quantities called

Limited Editions

In Jan van Eyck's The Marriage of Giovanni Arnolfini and Giovanna Cenami, the woman is wearing green because

It symbolizes money

Edgar Degas' paintings revealed his interest in the candid attitudes found in street photography and the asymmetry of

Japanese Prints

_______universal elements were straight lines, primary colors and rectangles

Piet Mondrain

The word 'Neolithic' means

New Stone

African textiles feature long narrow strips of cloth that are _______ and _______ together to make garments or blankets

woven, sewn

_______ invented the Polaroid camera.

Edwin Land

Art criticism involves making _______, both favorable and unfavorable.


The potter's wheel was invented in


Mies van der Rohe designed the German Pavilion building and many others, including the Seagram Building in New York City. Influential to the profile of many American city skylines, the works of this artist epitomize

The International Style

Henri Matisse was the leader of which artistic movement?


Early Christian Art was created in private homes and underground burial chambers called


_______ is an excellent example of Gothic architecture

Charles Cathedral

Architecture is the art and science of designing and constructing buildings for practical, aesthetic, and _______ purposes.


Rococo paintings mainly showed:

Life without troubles

Vik Muniz's Atlas (Carlao) was created by arranging_______ on his studio floor, photographing the arrangement, then painting from the photograph.


In painting media, the pigment provides


Although not a member of the Surrealists, _______ used their approach in her autobiographical works

Joan Miro

Many Baroque characteristics developed as propaganda for the

Counter Reformation

Porcelain plates made by the Chinese were decorated using _______ because it was the only color that could survive the high heat of the kilns

Blue coloring

Claude Monet's Impression: Sunrise began the movement known as


_______ used photographs to increase public awareness of the beauty of nature in his/her photos of national parks


Japanese ukiyo-e prints depicted

The everyday world

Most art critics and historians agree that the era of modern art ended in the _____.


The _______ are known for their skill at building with huge, carefully cut and fitted stones as seen in Machu Picchu


A(n) _______ drawing must be sprayed with a solution of thinned varnish to keep particles of the medium affixed to the surface


It was Marcel Duchamp who was responsible for bringing motion to


Teotihuacan featured temples, such as the Pyramid of the Sun, with decorations of

Feathered Serpents

The result of the process of arranging, selecting and ordering is called the


When sculptors work with soft materials, they often use a(n) _______ to prevent sagging


The Japanese group Gutai functioned from 1954 to 1972. In their manifesto, they proclaimed

The end of traditional art making

The juxtaposition of strongly dissimilar elements is referred to as _______.


An extremely thick application of oil paint is called _______.


_______ refers to size relationships between parts of a whole


The short lines or feet at the base of type are called _______.


Olafur Eliasson's The Weather Project is an excellent example of

Site Specific

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