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Often mosques include one or more _______, which mark the building's location and are used by chanters who ascend and call the faithful to prayer.
According to experts' contemporary theory, Stonehenge was possibly created to
Calculate solar and lunar movements
Site works differ from earthworks in that site works are designed to interact with the environment, whereas earthworks
Merge with the landscape
In filmmaking, each unbroken sequence of movie frames, with the camera still rolling, is called a
The first large sculpture since Roman times can be found _______ in Romanesque churches
Over the central doorway
Cooperative events, in which viewers participate with principals in loosely scripted scenarios, are called
This artist is best known for expanding the traditional limitations of artistic media by incorporating video and electronic media into his/her artwork, as can be seen in Video Flag Z
Nam Jane Paik
Known for their monumental carved heads, the _______ were the earliest known culture to develop in the Gulf Coast of Mexico.
The first Christian churches were patterned after Roman basilicas used by the Romans as
In the Netherlands, the major patrons of such artists as Vermeer and Rembrandt were
The wealthy merchant class
At various stages in the printmaking process, artists make what are called _______ to check on the developing image
In his search for spiritual truth, Paul Gauguin moved to _______, where he spent the rest of his life
_______ was an early advocate of photography as an art form. He/she opened a gallery in New York City in 1905
Leonardo da Vinci's technique of blurred edges, called _______, can be seen in his Mona Lisa
Large Reclining Nude is the final result of this artist's long process of planning and rearranging the design of the composition
The Hopewell culture built large mounds, such as the Great Serpent Mound in what is now the state of:
Which of the following occurs when equal forms, masses, or elements balance one another?
The architect Frank O. Gehry has the idea that architecture is similar to functional sculpture, as can be seen in his _______.
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
In the late 1950s, a group of students in Nigeria formed the Zaria Art Society with the goal of expressing
More of their African Identity
Because of the 20th century's rapid changes and discoveries, artists searching for new ways to express new realities felt they had to put aside dependence on
Perhaps because of the pollution caused by the Industrial Revolution, British art in the late 18th- and early 19th-centuries seemed to focus on
The device invented in the 16th century as a means of capturing and fixing images from the natural world whose name means 'dark room' is
The method of photography that first allowed families in the United States and Europe to collect photos of themselves was
The New Zealand natives known as _______ used a meeting house for extended family gatherings and rituals
The Chicago school of architecture was led by the first great modern American architect
In the photograph Pepper #30, this artist combines awareness, creativity, and communication by encouraging the viewer to look closely at an object
In The Kiss, the artist Rodin expressed the _______ of love, while the artist Brancusi expressed the _______ of love
Surrealism attempted to combine dreams with reality states, even though recognizing the two were
In his letters to his brother Theo, Vincent van Gogh expressed his ideas about color as a force to show
As Minimalism and hard-edge developed, paintings came to be seen as objects themselves, rather than as
Representations of other things
In Jan van Eyck's The Marriage of Giovanni Arnolfini and Giovanna Cenami, the woman is wearing green because
It symbolizes money
Edgar Degas' paintings revealed his interest in the candid attitudes found in street photography and the asymmetry of
African textiles feature long narrow strips of cloth that are _______ and _______ together to make garments or blankets
Mies van der Rohe designed the German Pavilion building and many others, including the Seagram Building in New York City. Influential to the profile of many American city skylines, the works of this artist epitomize
The International Style
Architecture is the art and science of designing and constructing buildings for practical, aesthetic, and _______ purposes.
Vik Muniz's Atlas (Carlao) was created by arranging_______ on his studio floor, photographing the arrangement, then painting from the photograph.
Although not a member of the Surrealists, _______ used their approach in her autobiographical works
Porcelain plates made by the Chinese were decorated using _______ because it was the only color that could survive the high heat of the kilns
_______ used photographs to increase public awareness of the beauty of nature in his/her photos of national parks
The _______ are known for their skill at building with huge, carefully cut and fitted stones as seen in Machu Picchu
A(n) _______ drawing must be sprayed with a solution of thinned varnish to keep particles of the medium affixed to the surface
Teotihuacan featured temples, such as the Pyramid of the Sun, with decorations of
The Japanese group Gutai functioned from 1954 to 1972. In their manifesto, they proclaimed
The end of traditional art making
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