Imperialism and WWI
Terms in this set (50)
Bigger nations taking over smaller nations.
Motives of larger nations to take over smaller nations for financial benefit.
Motive of bigger nations to take over smaller nations to obtain strategic lands and waterways.
Motive of bigger nations to take over smaller nations to compete with other imperial nations.
Motive of bigger nations to take over smaller nations because of a sense of responsibility.
Application of "survival of the fittest" to human societies to justify imperial take over.
Naval leader who advocated for imperialism for protection of US borders and adventurous citizens.
Hawaiian Queen forced out of power by a revolution started by American businessmen.
Sanford B. Dole
Led a revolt of planter against Hawaii's Queen Liliuokalani in 1893 (Head of Dole Fruit Co.).
Cuban Revolution (1895)
Cubans seeking independence from Spain violently rebelled.
Journalism that exploits or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers.
Exploded off the coast of Cuba, helping contribute to the Spanish-American War.
President who was initially hesitant against imperialism, but took the Philippine Islands.
1898 conflict fought mainly for the issue of Cuban independence from Spain.
The first major victory for American forces in the Spanish-American War (fought in the Philippines).
Treaty of Paris (1898)
Ended the Spanish American war, establishing the US as a World Power.
Legislation that severely restricted Cuba's independence, giving the US the right to intervene.
Gave the US direct control over and power to set up a government in Puerto Rico.
US victory left the country in a state of destruction. Showed the hypocritical and racist nature of cultural imperialism.
Emilio Aguinaldo was a Filipino leader who fought first against Spain and then against the United States. He was a leader in the fight for Filipino independence.
US built canal that connected the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
TR's foreign policy of "Speak Softly, but Carry a Big Stick".
The build up of armies and navies, eventually leading to war.
Agreement between two or more countries. Resulted in a small conflict becoming a large conflict in WWI.
Bigger nations taking over smaller nations, resulting in rivalry and jealousy between European nations leading to WWI.
Taking pride in one's country or ethnicity. Eastern European ethnic groups pursuit of independence helped spark WWI.
Concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves.
Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand
Assassinated by Serbian terrorists, becoming an immediate cause of WW.
The member of the Black Hand who assassinated the Archduke Ferdinand and his wife, the spark that started WWI.
A form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield.
No Man's Land
Deadly land between trenches.
Machine guns, mustard gas, gas masks, air planes, tanks.
A refusal to take part in a war between other nations.
German submarines used in WWI.
British passenger ship sunk by a German U-Boat, 128 Americans died, greatly turned American opinion to move towards war.
Germany pledge made to stop unrestricted submarine warfare.
German proposal to ally with Mexico against the US, ultimately drawing the US into WWI after years of neutrality.
US War Mobilization
Getting ready the 1. Military 2. Economy 3. Population
Selective Service Act
Law requiring men to register for service, created to mobilize the military.
War Industries Board
Government agency established to coordinate purchasing of war supplies during WWI.
Spreading of ideas that help a cause or hurt an opposing cause.
Law that set heavy fines and long prison terms for antiwar activities.
Law that made it illegal to criticize the government during WWI.
Communist Revolution in Russia
Red Army revolted against the Czar of Russia as a result of the economic depression and negotiated Russia out of WWI.
An agreement to stop fighting. (Signed on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month in 1918)
Important allied leaders during WWI and in charge of WWI reconstruction (USA, Great Britain, France, and Italy).
14 Point Plan
Wilson's plan for peace that included:
1. limit on arms
2. end of secret agreements
3. free trade
4. self determination in Eastern Europe
5. League of Nations
League of Nations
International organization formed to promote peace among nations.
Treaty of Versailles
Ended WWI by forcing Germany to take the blame, pay reparations, and be stripped of their military.
Fear that Communism would spread to the US following WWI.