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42 terms

EOC Vocabulary List- 2

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Agrarian
relating to land, land tenure
Alliances
a formal agreement or treaty between two or more to cooperate for specific purposes.
Biosphere
the regions of the surface and atmosphere of the Earth (or other planet) where living organisms exist
Climograph
a plot of the temperature and precipitation in a particular region
Colonizers
to establish a colony or colonies in; live after things that come in and area to eat after an eruption
Commercial
of the kind or quality used in commerce
Conservation
the preservation and careful management of the environment and of natural resources
Constitutional
sanctioned by or consistent with or operating under a constitution
Convergence
the occurrence of two or more things coming together
Cottage Industry
Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution.
Cultivation
(agriculture) production of food by preparing the land to grow crops
Dictatorship
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
Diffusion
the spread of social institutions (and myths and skills) from one society to another
Diversity
the condition or result of being changed
Domestic
of concern to or concerning the internal affairs of a nation
Drought
a long period without rain, a long period of dry weather
Economic
of or relating to the economy
Emission Reduction
cutting down on the amount of harmful substances being released into the atmosphere
Globalization
The trend toward increased cultural and economic connectedness between people, businesses, and organizations throughout the world.
Humanitarian
someone devoted to the promotion of human welfare and to social reforms
Incentives
rewards or other stimuli that motivate us to act
Industrial
engaged in or connected with business, trade, or manufactured goods/ urbanized
Infrastructure
the basic support systems needed to keep an economy going, including power, communications, transportation, water, sanitation, and education systems
latitude/longitude
an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator and measure the distance north or south.(Longitude)an imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth passing through the north and south poles
Location
The position of anything on Earth's surface.
Matriarch
The female head of a tribe or family
Merchants
a person whose business is buying and selling goods
Monarchy
an autocracy governed by a monarch who usually inherits the authority ( Single ruler, as a king)
Monopolies
Corporations that gain complete control of the production of a single good or service.
Monsoon
A seasonal wind that blows across South Asia bringing dry weather in the winter and heavy rains in the summer
Nomadic
wandering, moving about from place to place
Oceanic
relating to or occurring or living in or frequenting the open ocean
Opposition
something that goes against
Outsourcing
removes work from one company and sends it to another company that can complete it at a lower cost
Polytheistic
worshipping or believing in more than one god
(poly= many theistic=god)
Precipitation
the falling to earth of any form of water (rain or snow or hail or sleet or mist)
Preservation
the activity of protecting something from loss or danger
Regime
the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit
Republic
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
Routes
paths between one place and another
Subduction
a geological process in which one edge of a crustal plate is forced sideways and downward into the mantle below another plate
Tariffs
taxes on imports or exports