44 terms


According to John Kotter, leadership (in contrast to management)
Entails setting a direction for the organization
Kotter suggests that what are two
distinct, yet complementary systems of action in organizations
Leadership and management
According to Kotter, effective leadership
produces useful change
According to Zaleznik's thinking on
leaders as distinct personalities, leaders and managers differ along four different dimensions of personality. Which of the following is not
Internal vs. external orientation
Trait leader's theories focus on which of
the following
Focus on leaders physical attributes, personality characteristics, and ability
Trait leader theories focus on all of the
following except
Situational characteristics
Which of the following is NOT one of the
leadership category factors
Which of the following statements best
reflects the support for trait theories to identify universal distinguishing attributes of a leader
Findings on traits as a basis for explaining leader effectiveness are neither strong nor
Trait theories of leadership attempt to
focus on a leader are
Physical attributes, personality, and abilities
Autocratic leaders tend to be task
oriented and utilize initiating structure behavior
Leaders agitate for change and new
approaches, managers advocate stability and the status quo
A major difference between trait and
behavioral theories of leadership is
Trait theories emphasize personality & ability attributes versus actions and abilities
All of the following are autocratic leader
characteristics except
Being employee centered is not considered to be a characteristic of an autocratic leader
The most pronounced consequence of
laissez-faire leadership tends to be
Chaos in the work environment
The important underlying behaviors of
the Ohio State leadership studies are
Consideration and Initiating Structure
Which one is NOT considered to be
behaviors of initiating structure
Encouraging mutual respect and interpersonal trust
According to the Michigan studies on
leadership, a work environment characterized by constant influence attempts on the part of the leader through closer supervision or written rules and regulations is likely the result in which style
Production oriented style
Blake and Mouton's Leadership grid
identifies the country club manager as
Someone who creates a pleasing, happy work environment and applies minimal supervision
According to the leadership Grid
approach to leadership, the manager who exerts just enough effort to avoid being fired would be consistent with what position
1, 1 position on the grid
The impoverished manager is one who
Exerts just enough effort to avoid being fired
According to Blake and Mouton and their
Leadership Grid, a manager with a high concern for production and low concern for people would be what position
In the 9,1 position on the grid
The Leadership Grid approach to
leadership evaluates the (9,9) team manager as the very best style of managerial behavior
The variables used to determine the
most appropriate leader behavior in House's path-goal theory are
Follower characteristics and task characteristics
Which of the following is NOT one of the
leader behavior styles one can choose from when using the path-goal theory of leader effectiveness
A relationship oriented
The path-goal theory of leader
effectiveness by Robert House is based on
The expectancy theory of motivation
According to the Vroom-Yetton-Jogo
normative decision model all of the following are examples of decision making strategies except
Laissez-faire strategy
In the Hersey-Blanchard leadership
model, the leadership style most appropriate with very mature followers is
Delegating style
The situational leadership model by
Hershey and Blanchard suggest that a leader's behavior should be adjusted to the maturity level of the followers
The leadership approach which
recognizes that leaders may form different relationships with followers is
The Leader-member exchange (LMX) theory
Recent research on LMX theory has
revealed the surprising result that
Increased communication between the supervisor and out-group members may lead to lower performance ratings
The basic idea behind leader-member
exchange theory is leaders form what
Two groups of followers (in-groups and out-groups)
Transformational leaders
Inspire and stimulate followers to high performance
Howard Schultz CEO of Starbucks is
attempting to reunite Starbucks emotional attachment with Starbucks brand and streamline the company's international expansion. Schultz is using his charisma along with inspirational motivation and intellectual stimulation to change Starbucks. This reflects what type of leadership
Transformational Leadership
The positive face of charismatic
leadership is most strongly associated with what type of motivation
Socialized power motivation
According to the case study about
Apple's CEO Steve Jobs, the ability of a leader to create a vision and convince others to become a part of it, even skeptics, is known as
Reality-distortion field
A multidimensional construct that
includes transformational, charismatic, or transactional leadership as the situation might demand is known as
Authentic leadership
Authentic leaders are characterized all of
the following except
Emotional intelligence is made up of
competencies that include all of the following except
Higher cognitive functions
Which statement best characterizes
emotional intelligence and leadership
Emotional intelligence can be learned through honest feedback
Follower motivational training would be
LEAST successful with which of the followers
Followers who tend to be passive but
capable of independent and critical thinking are what type of followers
Charismatic leadership rests greatly with
________ power
The (LPC) Least preferred coworker scale is
A projective technique that evaluates the person a leader has least preferred to work with
The telling style of leadership in the
Hersey-Blanchard leadership model entails
Low concern of relationships and strong initiating structure