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English 1, 2, 3, and 4 Spelling #33, 2012

English 1, 2, 3, and 4 Spelling #33, 2012
STUDY
PLAY
cairns
piles of stones
cosmic
of or from or pertaining to or characteristic of the cosmos or universe
cosmopolitan
composed of people from or at home in many parts of the world
cosmonaut
a Soviet who is trained to travel into outer space
cosmos
n. The world or universe considered as a system, perfect in order and arrangement.
muted
being or made softer or less loud or clear
hierarchy
the organization of people at different ranks in an administrative body
maneuvering
moving carefully
infatuated
marked by foolish or unreasoning fondness
vigilant
carefully observant or attentive
enthralled
filled with wonder and delight
distraught
deeply agitated especially from emotion
resigned
showing utter resignation or hopelessness
dilapidated
falling apart or ruined, run-down, (adjective)
solace
comfort in disappointment or misery
inoculated
vaccinated
poliomylitis
virus enters motor nerves and kills them; causing paralysis; transmitted through contaminated water; vaccine is available but no treatment
rhetoric
study of the technique and rules for using language effectively (especially in public speaking)
speculative
not based on fact or investigation
congenital defects
abnormalities of structure or function which are present at birth
disarmed
to deprive of weapons; made friendly or harmless
morose
showing a brooding ill humor
patronize
be a regular customer or client of
presumption
audacious (even arrogant) behavior that you have no right to
repute
to assign a reputation to
benefactress
a woman benefactor, a woman who confers a benefit, especially one that makes a gift; female who financially provides for others
four score and seven yers ago
87 years, from the Gettysburg Address. A score is 20 years; 4 x 20 + 7
hallow
render holy by means of religious rites
aforesaid
adj. Said in a preceding part or before.
countervailing
acting against with equal force or influence
enjoin
order, give instructions to or direct somebody to do something with authority
garrison
a fortified military post where troops are stationed
primary sources
eyewitness accounts of history. They include letters, diaries, speeches, and interviews.
realism
the state of being actual or real
interminable
tiresomely long
poignant
deeply moving; strongly affecting the emotions
ineffable
incapable of being expressed
summarily
without delay
oscillation
(n) the act or state of swinging back and forth with a steady, uninterrupted rhythm
ludicrous
broadly or extravagantly humorous
presaging
foreshadowing
malign
speak unfavorably about (verb); evil in influence, (adjective).
snuff
finely powdered tobacco for sniffing up the nose
toilet
the act of dressing and preparing yourself.
ombre
shadow
refulgent
radiating or as if radiating light
promiscuous
casual and unrestrained in sexual behavior
distempered
a troubled mind
repast
the food served and eaten at one time
sprights
spirits.
stratagems
tricks or dreadful deeds (in Shakespeare)
nosegay
an arrangement of flowers that is usually given as a present
forfex
a pair of scissors or pincers