Only $2.99/month

Terms in this set (78)

As a result of a poor economy brought about by bankruptcy after the Second World War, Britain gradually allowed independence to states that had been part of the empire, though they remained as friends through the new commonwealth, which was (and still is) headed by the monarchy. Since the 1970s especially, there has been renewed interest over the issue of devolution (as well as perhaps independence), to the regions which surround England: Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales. The issue had initially been most prominent in Northern Ireland, where a period known as "The Troubles" saw Irish republicans fight against unionists over the issue of Northern Ireland remaining or not remaining with the rest of the U.K. The IRA conducted many assassinations and atrocities during the period, killing three MPs between 1975 and 1990, most notably Airey Neave and Ian Gow, as well as attempting to assassinate Margret Thatcher in Brighton in 1984. The Good Friday Agreement of 1998 ended the troubles, when the government of Tony Blair granted devolution to Northern Ireland. Scotland soon received similar devolution, and in the 2000s and 2010s, the rise of the Scottish National Party resulted in the possibility of Scotland becoming an independent nation was now seriously being considered. The referendum of 2014 saw 55% of people vote to remain in the UK, but due to the apparent failures of the Smith Commission to deliver further autonomy to Scotland, the possibility of complete Scottish autonomy is still an issue being debated.
Imperialism - expansionist and racial nationalists would support imperialism, as they both believe in expanding nations so that either whole ethnicities can be included in one giant state, or that some states are better (and thus should be more dominant) than others due to their characteristics. However, social nationalists would disagree with imperialism due to it's effect on self determination, as so would liberal nationalists, as they believe that all states should have Liberty.

Human Nature - Conservative nationalists hold a pessimistic view of human nature, as they believe this is the reason why people seek security within the nation. Racial expansionist nationalists would also be pessimistic about human nature, as they believe in nations being formed from ethnicities and groups which have characteristics that make them better than others, thus suggesting that others not in these groups are "not as good". However, Liberal Nationalists would be against human imperfection, as this implies that humans are not capable of looking after themselves, while liberal nationalists support self government. Socialist Nationalists also believe in self rule / determination of states.

Equality - Liberal nationalists are against foreign domination of other states and hegemony, and believe that all states should be equal as they should all have Liberty. Social Nationals also believe that nations should be equal, as they believe that nations should be independent from one another, and thus this would put them theoretically on the same totem pole.

Unity within Nations - Conservative Nationalists strongly enhance the need for national unity, as they believe this provides security, which people need as a result of human imperfection. Racial Nationalists also believe to an extent in unity, as they believe that ethnicities can come together as part of one state alone.