Member of the small, influential group of New England writers and thinkers who believed that the most important truths in life transcened, or went beyond, human reason.
Idea that people have a right to disobey laws they consider to be unjust if their consciences demand it.
A boston school teacher who worked for prison reform to help criminals and the mentally ill.
The head of the Massachusetts Board of Education who worked for the improvement of public education.
A well-known African American abolitionist who was born into slavery but escaped; published an anti-slavery newspaper, the North Star.
William Lloyd Garrison
An outspoken white abolitionist who wanted slavery ended immediately; he began the influential antislavery newspaper, The Liberator.
Angelina & Sarah Grimke
Daughters of a South Carolina slaveholder who moved to the North to work for abolition and later for woman's rights.
An important conductor of the Underground Railroad who had escaped slavey herself; some called her "Black Moses".
A former slave who spoke out to fight slavery and women's rights;known for her captivating speaking ability.
A Quaker and influential abolitionist who worked for women's rights; helped to organize the Seneca Falls Convention.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
An influential abolitionist who worked for women's rights, helping to organize the Seneca Falls Convention and later partnering with Susan B. Anthony
The first women in the United States to earn a medical degree; helped found the nation's first medical school for women.