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EK MCAT Psychology & Sociology Lecture 1

Terms in this set (48)

- social determination of shared realities through symbols

- Allows for social determination of shared realities - which, focuses on a smaller scale of interaction between individuals and in small groups.

- is related to social constructionism in that it allows for social determination of shared realities.

- symbolic interactionism focuses on a smaller scale of interaction between individuals and in small group. While social constructionism would be interested in the social creation if shared meanings of health and illness, symbolic interactionism could be applied to a single interaction between a patient and physician or between 2 physician.

-This perspective shays that through social interactions, individuals develop shared meanings and labels for various symbols - terms, concepts, or items that represent specific meanings by accepted convention.

- Shared symbols allow for smooth societal interactions by permitting reasonable expectations of how other people will behave and what constitutes appropriate responses. This is particularly true in the case of social roles, symbols that have large effect on behavior and identity.

- Symbolic interactionism says that people actively create meaning through their social interactions, allowing for human agency in creating and changing meaning.

- The meaning of a symbol can change within a single interaction, and the individual involved may come up with different, even opposing, symbolic interpretations of an environmental stimulus or social situation. (acid reflex vs MI)

- symbolic interactionism is particularly useful for examining social functioning at the level of interpersonal interactions, but it has been criticized for leaving out larger societal forces that undeniably have an effect on people's lives.

- 2 major theoretical perspective that attempt to understand social functioning by looking at the larger levels of society are: functionalism and conflict theory.