the expansion of the trade and buisness that transformed European economies during the 16th and 17th centuries.
an economic system (Europe in 18th century) to increase a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the nation's commercial interests
the freedom of individuals to start and operate private businesses in search of profits
English king that left the catholic church and started the Church of England
believed that people are born selfish and need a strong central authority
belief that a ruler's authority comes directly from God
french king who was overthrown and executed in the french revolution
a system in which a ruler holds total power
English Civil War
fought to decide whether the king or parliament ran the government, war ended with death of charles and kingship was abolished
government in which a constitution or legislative body limits the monarch's powers
English Bill of Rights
document that gave England a government based on a system of laws and a freely elected parliament
believed all people have a right to life, liberty, and property
English lawyer/judge who wrote about English law
reason and observation
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and solve problems
Sir Isaac Newton
English scientist who discovered gravity
Founder of modern chemistry
Age of Reason
Wrote the Declaration of Independence
enlighment thinkers whose views on religious toleration and intellectual freedom influenced leaders of the american and french revolution
Baron de Montesquieu
believed government should have separation of powers
wrote The Social Contract
Scottish economist who advocated private enterprise and free trade (1723-1790)
system of government in which absolute monarchs ruled according to the principles of the Enlightenment
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