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35 terms

Statistical Deviance

A criterion of abnormal behaviour based on an infrequency of occurrence in members of a population (talking to yourself happens infrequently etc.)
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Statistical Deviance
A criterion of abnormal behaviour based on an infrequency of occurrence in members of a population (talking to yourself happens infrequently etc.), A criterion of abnormality stating that a behavior is abnormal if it occurs infrequently among the members of a population
Cultural Deviation
Compares behaviour with cultural norms, behaviour is abnormal if it violates societal standards.
Emotional Distress
A criterion of abnormality stating that abnormal behaviors are those that lead to personal distress or emotional upset.
Dysfunction
Behaviour is abnormal if it impairs functionality.
Medical model
The view that abnormal behaviour is symptomatic of an underlying "curable" disease, the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and, in most cases, cured. When applied to psychological disorders, the medical model assumes that these mental illnesses can be diagnosed on the basis of their symptoms and cured through therapy, which may include treatment in a psychiatric hospital.
Sociological Model
The view that abnormalities is a label that each society assigns to behaviours that it finds unacceptable, even if the behaviours are not criminal in nature
DSM-IV
A manual used for the diagnosis nd treatment of psychological disorders, split into five axes
Anxiety Disorders
class of disorders marked by feelings of excessive apprehension and anxiety
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
an anxiety disorder characterized by chronic free-floating anxiety and such symptoms as tension or sweating or trembling of light-headedness or irritability etc that has lasted for more than six months
Panic disorder
A condition marked, an anxiety disorder characterized by unpredictable panic attacks
Agoraphobia
Fear of outdoors, public or large open spaces
OCD
Anxiety disorder that , an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/or actions (compulsions)
Social Phobia
Incapacitating fear of social interaction
Specific phobic disorder
A highly focused fear of a specific object or situation
Somatoform disorders
disorders characterized by physical symptoms for which no known physical cause exists
Hypochondriasis
a somatoform disorder in which a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease
Somatization disorder
A type of somatoform disorder marked by a history of diverse physical complaints that appear to be psychological in origin.
conversion disorder
a rare somatoform disorder in which a person experiences very specific genuine physical symptoms for which no physiological basis can be found
dissociative disorders
a class of disorders, disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings
dissociative amnesia
The sudden loss of memory for significant personal information
dissociative fugue
disorder in which one travels away from home and is unable to remember details of his past, including often his identity
dissociative identity disorder
a rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. Also called multiple personality disorder.
mood disorders
class of psychological disorders involving disturbances in mood states, such as major depression and bipolar disorder
major depressive episode
A type of mood disorder characterized by depressed mood and other symptoms
bipolar disorder
a mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania
manic state
A disordered state in which the person becomes hyperactive, talkative, and has a decreased need for sleep; a person in a manic state may engage in activities that are self-destructive or dangerous
schizophrenia
severe and chronic psychological disorder characterized by disturbances in thinking, perception, emotions, and behavior
personality disorders
psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning
paranoid personality disorder
type of personality disorder characterized by extreme suspiciousness or mistrust of others
dependent personality disorder
personality disorder in which the person is unable to make choices and decisions independently and cannot tolerate being alone, needs to be taken care of
antisocial personality disorder
a personality disorder characterized by repeated criminal behaviour and the failure to learn from punishment
psychopathy
A personality disorder characterized by a lack of remorse, empathy, anxiety, and other social emotions; the use of deceit and manipulation; and impulsive thrill seeking.
perfectionist personality disorder
Personality disorder characterized by an excessive and rigid need to achieve the highest level of quality in achievements.
bio-psycho-social perspective
a contemporary perspective which assumes that biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors combine and interact to produce psychological disorders
learned helplessness
condition in which repeated attempts to control a situation fail, resulting in the belief that the situation is uncontrollable