Apparent motion is the way something appears, or seems, to move. Example is that the sun appears to rise in the east and set in the west. Apparent motion is not real motion.
When one object travels around another. An example is the earth revolves around the sun.
A path a reviving object takes. Earths orbit is shaped like an ellipse which is a flattened circle. The Earth's orbit around the sun takes 365 1/4 days or one year.
Earth's axis is not straight up and down. Tilted at an angle of 23.5 degrees. The tilt causes the causes sunlight to hit Earth at different angles. Each hemisphere (half) of the Earth gets more or less sunlight. The season result from both the tilted axis and the Earths revolution around the Sun.
The mutual attraction, or pull, between particles of matter. The size of the force depends on the mass and distance. When talking about the Sun moon or planets we call it gravity.
Explain how the pull of gravity and the force of inertia keep planets in there orbit.
It is partly gravitational force- the mutaual aatraction, or pull between the particles of matter.
Each orbit is a balance between gravity and inertia. The planets are really moving in straight line. Gravity causes those lines to curve in, toward the Sun.
What causes day and night?
The Earth moves around the Sun and is also spins. As the Earth orbits the Sun. The Earths spins on its axis. Every day the Earth completes one rotation. One rotation takes 24 hours.