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23 terms

chap 31 vocab

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Moral majority
"Born-Again" Christians become politically active. The majority of Americans are moral people, and therefore are a political force.
Sunbelt region
name given to the southern and western states
Affirmative action
programs intended to make up for past discrimination by helping minority groups and women gain access to jobs and opportunities
EPA
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; responsible for managing federal efforts to control air and water pollution, radiation and pesticide hazards, environmental research, hazardous waste, and solid-solid waste disposal.
Detente
relaxation of tensions between the United States and its two major Communist rivals, the Soviet Union and China
SALT
negotiations between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics opened in 1969 in Helsinki designed to limit both countries' stock of nuclear weapons
Watergate
Break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate building in 1972 that resulted in a cover-up and the subsequent resignation of Nixon
Nixon V. United states
court ruled that congress impeachment power is not subject to judicial review because it is relegated to the legislative branch. How the congress fulfills this obligation is a political decision.
Plumbers
people whose job it was to stop leaks of what Nixon was trying to achieve from being let out of the White House
Stagflation
an inflationary period accompanied by rising unemployment and lack of growth in consumer demand and business activity
OPEC
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; international cartel that inflates price of oil by limiting supply; Venezuela, Saudi Arabia and UAE are prominent members
Global warming
An increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosphere (especially a sustained increase that causes climatic changes)
equal rights amendments
four amendments that gave freedom of voting rights and equal protestion under the law to women and minorites, Did not pass
Roe V. Wade
'73 Supreme ct decision that stuck down 46 state laws restricting women's access to abortion (highlighted divisions within women's mvmt
Gay liberation Movement
gay activists urged homosexuals to be open about their identity and to work to end discrimination and violent abuse
AIDS
a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
Secret Bargain
when nixion apointed SOH to president after impeached and SOH pardonded him for watergate scandal, SOH= Fod
Camp David Accords
agreement calling for Israel to return all land in the Sinai in exchange for Egyptian recognition of Israel's sovereignty. Egyptian Sadat agreed and was labeled a traitor
Iran Hostage Crisis
a group of Iranians overran the American embassy in Iran's capital of Tehran and took 52 hostages
Reaganomics
1980s; Reagan's economic program which cut taxes and government regulation in order to increase productivity, nd eventully increase tax revenue as cash flowed in the economy
SDI
Reagan's strategic defense initiative that attempted to create a defensive shield, reducing the threat of MAD; nicknamed "star wars"
Sandinistas
A group of reform-minded revolutionaries that included a large number of women and students who over threw the Nicaraguan government in 1979
Iran Contra affair
scandal including arms sales to the Middle East in order to send money to help the Contras in Nicaragua even though Congress had objected