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the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words (e.g. lake and fate; trodden and cobbles)
the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words, but the vowels are usually different (car and cur or add and odd)
an image or metaphor that runs throughout and determines the form or nature of a literary work
a mournful poem that is usually short, a song or hymn of mourning composed or performed as a memorial to a dead person
use of discordant sounds to either create unpleasant effect or create an interesting variation from what is rhythmically correct
when poetry contains a pause in meaning (thus in reading) at the end of a line or a couplet; often marked by punctuation but not always
the continuation of a syntactic unit from one line of verse into the next line without a pause
in medias res
"into the middle of things" beginning a narrative well along in a sequence of events; supplying information through flashbacks about the beginning
a brief, personal poem that is especially musical and filled with emotion; sonnets, odes, and elegies are types of lyrics
a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet
a sonnet consisting three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern: abab cdcd efef gg
a sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern: cdecde or cdcdcd
the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch)
the turn in thought from question to answer, from instance to application, from problem to solution, that occurs towards the end of the sonnet
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
understatement for rhetorical effect (especially when expressing an affirmative by negating its contrary)
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
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