Terms in this set (78)
Are ancient sources on Sparta plentiful, problematic or pernicious?
Important Spartan poet of the 7th century
First historian to write about Sparta
Greek geographer of 2nd century AD, who is an important source on Sparta
Shadowy early lawgiver of Sparta
He wrote the 'Life of Lycurgus' in the first or second century AD
River of Sparta
Number of villages that through synoecism formed Sparta
Century in which Sparta gained control of all Laconia
The Spartans made the non-Dorians and Messenians into serfs or_______
Another name for Sparta, though strictly it meant Spartans and other Dorians of Laconia
Was the Second Messenian War, discussed by Tyrtaeus, in 850, 750, 650 or 550 BC?
After the conquest of Messenia, the ratio of Spartiates to the rest of the population was about 1: (7, 10, 20)
Allotments of Spartan land in Messenia: perioeca, syssitia, krypteia or kleroi?
Did the change to a more austere and disciplined Spartan way occur in c. 800, 700, 600 or 500 BC?
From 546, Sparta became a leader of all Peloponnesian states except Achaea and its great enemy, ______
Spartiates were also known as 'Equals', 'Peers' or H_____
Spartan term meaning 'dwellers around'
Were Spartan women emancipated, emaciated or emasculated?
The Spartan name 'hypomeiones', including cowards and freed helots, meant______
Spartan poet who emphasised beauty rather than war
Greek word for freed helots
Spartan secret police
According to Tyrtaeus, what was the only quality worth admiring in a man?
Was a guardian or supervisor of education a partheniai, a tresantes or a paidonomos
Age at which Spartan boys left home and entered barracks
Which word is appropriate for Spartan education: cosmopolitan, austere, literary, hedonistic
Age at which Spartan men were able to live at home and grow their hair long
Was girls' education in Sparta aimed at producing good warriors, businesswomen, housewives or mothers?
In Sparta was music discouraged, non-existent or martial?
The 'contest of endurance' was held at the temple of ____ Orthia
Every Spartiate was required to be a member of a public mess, or ________
How many distinct parts comprised Spartan government?
Aristotle said the Spartan constitution combined oligarchy and _____
Cicero called Sparta's government a '____ constitution'
What percentage of Sparta's population had no say in government?
Was the predominant governmental system in Sparta democracy, tyranny, oligarchy or aristocracy?
The two families of Spartan kings were the Agiads and _________
From 507 BC one ____ led the Spartan army on campaign
How many men in the Spartan king's bodyguard on campaign?
Officials who kept the kings in check
Spartan council of elders
The Gerousia comprised __ members and the two kings
Members of the Gerousia were aged over ___
The Gerousia's ability to prepare and discuss bills before they were sent to the Assembly is called its ____ function
Members of the Gerousia were called____
How many ephors on the board of ephors?
Meaning of 'ephor'
Minimum age for ephors
Which part of government was chiefly responsible for foreign affairs, magistrates, the agoge and krypteia: Monarchs, Gerousia, Ephorate or Assembly?
The krypteia's chief purpose was probably to keep the ____ in check
For who many years was each ephor elected?
The Spartan assembly is sometimes called the Apella but the term ____ is safer
The ephors could refuse to accept motions passed by the (kings, Gerousia or assembly?)
In the 6th century Sparta adopted a policy of _____ rather than annexation
The Council of ____ comprised the Assembly of Spartiates and the Congress of _____ (same word in both spaces)
Was Sparta's main port at Gytheum, Krokeai or Vardounia?
Mountain range dominating Sparta from the west, dominated by a mountain of the same name
Who said that future generations might find it hard to believe that Sparta was so powerful, considering its buildings and temples?
The Spartan term for its component villages was '__' or obes.
First of the obes? Mesoa, Limnae, Cynosura, or Pitane
Fifth obe added in 8th century: A______
There are only two Spartan sites that can be identified with certainty: sanctuary of Artemis Ortheia and Temple of _____(which goddess?) Chalcioecus on the acropolis
The lack of writings by Spartans on Sparta and the profusion of writings by outsiders has led to the so-called 'Spartan ____'
Government by property-holders, as defined by Plato
Who blamed Lycurgus for Sparta's loss of empire
Nigel Kennell claims that Lycurgus 'almost certainly did not____'
Dorians are named after ____, in central Greece
Spartans believed they were descended from the descendants of Hercules, the H____
Kennell says the story of the Dorian and Heraclid origins of Sparta is 'drastically u____', or flimsy, especially compared to Argos
Was Taras founded in 806, 706, 606 or 506?
Kennell: 'Sparta itself was an ____ cluster of villages' until the Hellenistic period
Kennell: Sparta had 'the nearest thing to a ____ [or full-time] army in Greece'
After the conquest of Messenia, did Sparta control 25, 33, 40 or 50 per cent of the Peloponnese?
Eunomia means '_____ government', a supposed attribute of the Spartans
At a spartiate's death, his kleroi went to his eldest son or reverted to the _____
Is the Spartan king who dominates Herodotus' narrative of the decades preceding the Persian Wars Anaxandridas, Cleomenes, Demaratus or Leonidas?
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