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Quiz 4-choose a therapy target

Choose a Therapy Target
STUDY
PLAY
choose a sound for which the client is STIMULABLE, choose a sound that is DEVELOPMENTALLY APPROPRIATE, and one that has a HIGH FREQUENCY OF OCCURRENCE
Gerneral Rule for choose a therapy target for a MOTOR SPEECH PROBLEM with few errors
choose a sound that is NOT IN CHILD"S PHONETIC INVENTORY to affect maximum change in the child's speech sound system. you may choose a STIMULABLE OR UNSTIMULABLE sound, but an unstimulable sound may cause a greater change in the child's system
General rule for choosing a therapy target for a PHONOLOGICAL DISORDER (cognitive-linguistic) with multiple errors
1) Developmental appropriateness
Factors to consider when choosing a speech sound target for individuals with fewer errors
2) Stimulability
Factors to consider when choosing a speech sound target for individuals with fewer errors
3) Frequency of Occurence
Factors to consider when choosing a speech sound target for individuals with fewer errors
4) Contextual Analysis
Factors to consider when choosing a speech sound target for individuals withFEWERerrors
Chooses sounds that are early developing
Traditional approach to developmental appropriateness
Choose sounds that are in error which the child should already have acquired
Traditional approach to developmental appropriateness
Research shows that for children with MULTIPLE ERRORS (phonological disorder), treatment of later rather than earlier occuring sounds has a greater impack on their system
True
Choose sounds for mod-severe w/ many errors clients that are more ______rather than less
complex
Research shows that sounds that are easily imitated are more likely to rapidly improve during remediation OR improve by themselves w/o remediation
true
research shows that once a child can imitate a sound, generalization of that sound to other contexts occurs rapidly
True
therapy is initiated at the level of the most complex unit that the client can imitate (isolatlion, syllable, word level)
True
Correct imitation may suggest that the child DOES have the correct underlying adult representation of the that sound
BUT there is disagreement and conflicting research results regarding this theory
The greater the frequency of occurence of the error sound, the greater the affect on the child's intelligibility
True
Therapy will have the greatest impact if the targeted error sound is one that is frequently occurring in the language
True
Phonetic contexts which facilitate correct production of the error sounds may be useful in therapy
True
Focus first on producing that sound in that specific context and once production is stabilized in that context, move on to other contexts
True
1) Focus on 'syllableness'
Hudson (2007a) suggests the following for primary targets (5)
2) Singleton consonants in words in all positions
Hudson (2007a) suggests the following for primary targets (5)
3) /s/ cluster WI and WF
Hudson (2007a) suggests the following for primary targets (5)
4) Anterior-posterior contrasts: for fronting and backing
Hudson (2007a) suggests the following for primary targets (5)
5) Liquids- WI /l/ and /r/ and after the child can produce singleton velars, /kr,gr/ clusters
Hudson (2007a) suggests the following for primary targets (5)
1) choose later developing sounds
Multiple errors
2) nonstimulable sounds, clusters, more complex sounds that are difficult to produce
Multiple errors
3)Choose an inventory constraint
Multiple errors
4) if child evidences homonomy, target, SEVERAL error sounds by using multiple contrasts
Multiple errors
Target earliest processes as persistence of these tend to more greatly affect intelligibility. However a universally prescribed developmental order for process selection has NOT been established
General rule for phonological processes/patterns
Focus on facilitating proper phonological patterns and for highly unintelligible children, focus on the most stimulable PATTERN
General Rule for Phonological processes/patterns
Work simultaneously on more than one error sound
Few errors
Example, if targets are /s,z,l,r/ then work on /s,r/ and then /z,l/ will likellly come in as well
Few Errors