Chapter 15 US History
Terms in this set (24)
New Deal Policies
They focused on three main goals: relief for the needy, economic recovery after the Great Depression and financial reform. The phase was taken from one of Roosevelt's speeches where he promised "a new deal for the American people".
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
He became governor of New York in 1928 and became President in 1933 even though e had physical disabilities. He was also a distant cousin of former President Theodore Roosevelt.
She was a niece of Theodore Roosevelt and distant cousin of her husband Franklin D. Roosevelt. She was a popular public speaker as First Lady and interested in child welfare, housing reform and equal rights for women and minorities.
A fireside chat si a radio talk about issues of public concern, explaining in clear, simple language Roosevelt's New Deal measures. Those talks were important because the Americans felt as if the president was talking directly to them and supported his systems.
Civilian Conversation Corps (CCC)
It was a program that put young men aged 18 to 25 to work building roads, developing parks, planting trees and helping in soil-erosion and flood-control projects. Programs like this helped to provide relief to farmers.
It means to spend more money than the government recieves in revenue. This idea was promoted by British economist John Maynard Keynes to stimulate economic recovery.
American Liberty League
Some of the strongest opponents of the New Deal banded together in 1934 to form an organization called American Liberty League. This organization opposed New deal measures that it believed violated respect for the rights of individuals and property.
He was one of te toughest critics Roosevelt faced and his views appealed to poor Americans. He was Senator of Louisiana. He wanted to becomr President and offered a social program called Share-Our-Wealth which proposed that children should be born with opportunities, guaranteed a home, food, clothes and a right to education.
She was a photographer who documented American life during the Great Depression and the era of the New Deal. Mchbof her work was funded by federal agencies duch as the Farm Security Administration. Her photographs of migrant workers helped draw attention to the desperate conditions in rural America and helped to underscore the need for direct relief.
It is a photograph by Dorothea Lange which was taken in 1936. It became one of the most recognizable symbols of the Depression and perhaps the strongest argument in support of New Deal relief programs. Lange documented the harsh living conditions of that time.
Fair Labor Standards Act
This act established a minimum hourly wage and a maximum of hours in the workweek for the entire country. It also set rules for the employment of workers under 16 and banned hazardous factory work for those under 18.
Social Security Act
This provided a pension for retired workers and their spouses and aided people with disabilities. Yhe act had three major parts: Old-age insurance for retirees 65 and older and their spouses; unemployment compensation system and aid to families with dependent children and people with disabilities.
"flow of commerce"
It means that though production, in the Court case against Jones and Laughlin Steel, may occur in one state, it is an interstate commerce.
She was the first female cabinet member. She played a major role in creating the Social Security system and supervised labor legislation. She was a pioneer in labor and women's issues.
Mary McLeod Bethune
She was an educator who dedicated herself to promoting opportunities for young African Americans. During the New Deal she was as one of more than a 100 African Americans appointed to a key position in the government. She helped to organize a "Black Cabinet" of influential African Americans to advise the Roosevelt administration on racial issues.
Southern Tenant Farmers Union
A Union which sought to protect the rights of tenant farmers and sharecroppers, both white and black. It created tenants' groups and launched campaigns to increase job opportunities in the North.
Indian Reorganization Act of 1934
This act moved away from assimilation and toward Native American autonomy. It helped to restore some reservation lands to tribal ownership as well. It commanded in three areas: economy, culture and politics.
Union workers found the sit-down strike an extremly effective method for getting their demands met. Workers would instead of walking of their jobs remain inside their plants but without working. This prevented factory owners from carrying on production with strikebreakers. Some Americans called these strikes a violation of property.
This is a painting by Grant Wood which was painted in 1930. It became one of the most famous portrayals of life in the Midwest during the Great Depression.
He was a singer and songwriter who experienced firsthand the tragedies of the Depression. He used music to capture the hardships of America. He was forced by the Dust Bowl to seek a better life elsewhere
and wrote about his experiences in his songs which were called "Dust Bowl Ballads". He had hisbown radioshow and his somgs became popular around the country. His most famous song was "This Land is Your Land".
The Federal Writers Project
Many writers received support through this program. It gave Saul Bellow, future Pulitzer and Nobel Prize winner, and many other writers the opportunity to publish their works.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
This corporation was established by the government to regulate banking and investment activities.
One of the most important legacies of the New Deal has been that the federal government has assumed some responsibility for the social welfar of the citizens. The government created the a Social Security system that would help a large number of needy Americans receive some assistance. It provides an old-age insurance program, an unemployment compensation system and aid to people with dissabilities and families with dependent children. It had a big impact of millions of American lives since 1935.
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
It harnessed water power to generate electricity and to help prevent disastrous floods in the Tennessee Valley.