51 terms

Milady's Chapter 20 - Skin Diseases and Disorders

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Acne
Skin disorder characterized by chronis inflammation of the sebaceous glands from retained secretions
Albinism
Congenital leukoderma or absence of melanin pigment of the body, including the hair, skin, and eyes
Anhidrosis
Deficiency in perspiration, often a result of fever or certain skin diseases
Asteatosis
Condition of dry, scaly skin due to a deficiency or absence of sebum that is caused by old age and by exposure to cold
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Most common and least severe type of skin cancer; often characterized by light ot pearly nodules
Bromhidrosis
Foul-smelling perspiration, usually noticeable in the armpits or on the feet
Bulla
Large blister containing a watery fluid
Chloasma
Condition characterized by increased pigmentation on te skin in spots that are not elevated
Comedo
Hair follicle filled with keratin and sebum
Crust
Dead cells that form over a wound or blemish while it is healing; an accumulation of sebum and pus, sometimes mixed with epidermal material
Cyst
Closed, abnormally developed sac containing fluid, semifluid, or morbid matter, above or below the skin
Dermatitis
Inflammatory condition of the skin
Dermatitis Venenata
Also known as contact dermatitis. An eruptive skin infection caused by contact with irritating substances such as chemicals or tints
Eczema
Inflammatory, painful itching disease of the skin, acute or chronic in nature, presenting many forms of dry or moist lesions
Excoriation
Skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping
Fissure
Crack in the skin that penetrates the epidermis, such as chapped hands or lips
Herpes Simplex
Fever blister or cold sore; recurring viral infection
Hyperhidrosis
Excessive sweating, caused by heat or general body weakness
Hypertrophy
Anormal growth of the skin
Keloid
Thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue
Keratoma
Acquired, superficial, thickened patch of epidermis commonly known as callus, caused by pressure or friction on the hands and feet
Lentigines
Technical term for freckles
Lesion
Mark on the skin. May indicate injury or damage that changes the structure of tissues or organs
Leukoderma
Skin disorder characterized by light abnormal patches; caused by a burn or congenital disease that destroys the pigment-producing cells
Macule
Spot or discoloration on the skin, such as a freckle
Malignant Melanoma
Most serious form of skin cancer; often characterized by black or dark brown patches on the skin that may appear uneven in texture, jagged, or raised
Milia
Benign, keratin-filled cysts that can appear just under the epidermis and have no visible opening
Miliaria Rubra
Acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands, characterized by the eruption of small red vesicles and accompanied by burning, itching skin
Mole
Small, brownish spot or blemish on the skin, ranging in color from pale tan to brown or bluish black
Nevus
Small or large malformation of the skin due to abnormal pigmentation or dilated capillaries; commonly known as birthmark
Papule
Pimple; small circumscribed elevation on the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pus
Psorias
Skin disease characterized by red patches, covered with silver-white scales usually found on the scalp, elbows, knees, chest, and lower back, but rarely on the face
Pustule
Inflamed pimple containing pus
Rosacea
Chronic congestion appearing primarily on the cheeks and nose, characterized by redness, dilation of the blood vessels, and formation of papules and pustules
Scale
Any thin plate of epidermal flakes, dry or oily, such as abnormal or excessive dandruff
Scar or Cicatrix
Light-colored, slightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has healed
Seborrheic Dermatitis
Skin condition caused by an inflammation of the sebaceous glands
Sensitization
A greatly increased or exaggerated sensitivity to products
Skin Tag
A small brown or flesh-colored outgrowth of the skin
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Type of skin cancer more serious than basal cell carcinoma
Stain
Abnormal brown or wine-colored skin discoloration with a circular and irregular shape
Steatoma
Sebaseous cyst or fatty tumor
Tan
Change in pigmentation of skin caused by exposure to the sun or ultraviolet rays
Telangiectasias
Dilation of the surface blood vessels
Tubercle
Abnormal rounded, solid lump above, within, or under the skin
Tumor
A swelling; an abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive multiplication of cells, varying in size, shape, and color
Ulcer
Open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane of the body, accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth
Verruca
Technical term for wart; hypertrophy of the papillae and epidermis
Vesicle
Small blister or sac containing clear fluid, lying within or just beneath the epidermis
Vitiligo
Milky-white spots (leukoderma) of the skin
Wheal
Itchy, swollen lesion that lasts only a few hours; caused by a blow, the bite of an insect, urticaria, or the sting of a nettle