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Terms in this set (69)

1) Failure of right - government's preoccupation with left not fully exploited, Fragmented into volkisch groups that competed against each other (these absorbed into the Nazi party later on), Lack full cooperation of the conservative right, DNVP suspicious of groups (Kahr aligned himself with the establishment instead of supporting Hitler

2) Failure of left - Never more that 15% of vote, lacked professional organisation, Never mass movement, WC went to SPD who had TU infrastructure committed to evolutionary change

3) Army - Seekt advised Kahr not to involve himself in far right activities, far right seen as thuggish and undisciplined, Freikorps did not have support of Army generals, did not support or take action against Kapp 1920, uncertainty between resistance and support of Republic

4) Ebert and Article 48 - use against threats of disruption

5) Stabilisation of the Economy - Stresemann imposed necessary cuts to government expenditure and introduced strict budgetary cuts, Replaced devalued currency with Rentenmark (equal value as pre was gold Reichsmark), Highly successful in winning Western support in views that Germany deserved their support in rehabilitation

6) The Masses - hard to convince that another change in Regime was necessary, no charismatic personality to break psychological barrier

7) International Relations - right wing government in France gave way to a more moderate party, which was prepared to pull the French out of the Ruhr. 1924 first labour government in Britain, 1924 Dawes plan
Reichstag Fire - the Reichstag building is set on fire. A Dutch Communist caught red-handed in the burning building.

5 Mar 1933 - Nazis get 44 per cent of the vote
General Election - only 44 per cent of the population vote for the Nazis, who win 288 seats in the Reichstag.

23 Mar 1933 - The Enabling Act
Enabling Act - the SA intimidates all the remaining non-Nazi deputies. The Reichstag votes to give Hitler the right to make his own laws.

26 April 1933 - Gestapo established
Local government is reorganised - the country is carved up into 42 Gaus, which are run by a Gauleiter. These Gaus are separated into areas, localities and blocks of flats run by a Blockleiter. Hitler sets up the Gestapo.

2 May 1933 - Trade unions banned
Trade unions are abolished and their leaders arrested.

20 June 1933 - Cross and chain on a Nazi flag
Concordat - Hitler makes an agreement with the Pope who sees him as someone who can destroy communism. This agreement allows Hitler to take over political power in Germany as long as he leaves the Catholic Church alone.

14 July 1933 - Political parties banned
Political parties are banned - only the Nazi party is allowed to exist.

24 April 1934 - People's Courts
People's Courts - Hitler sets up the Nazi people's courts where judges have to swear an oath of loyalty to the Nazis.

30 June 1934 - Night of the Long Knives
Night of the Long Knives - some SA leaders are demanding that the Nazi party carry out its socialist agenda, and that the SA take over the army. Hitler cannot afford to annoy the businessmen or the army, so the SS murders perhaps 400 of the SA members, including its leader Röhm, along with a number of Hitler's other opponents.

19 Aug 1934 - Hitler is Führer
Führer - when Hindenburg dies, Hitler declares himself jointly president, chancellor and head of the army.