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Modern History Mid-term
Terms in this set (25)
the movement of people from rural areas to cities
Parliament ruled as a commonwealth with Oliver Cromwell
A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
Published by Mary Wollstonecraft, written in argument for equal education for men and women
What is the solution to poverty according to socialists?
the English civil war- causes and effects
- conflict was caused by the struggle between king Charles I and the English parliament Charles claimed to rule by divine right; parliament argued that its membership had rights that were separate from those granted to the king
- parliament's members were mostly puritan and had the backing of the merchant class and lesser land owners wealthy nobles tended to support Charles I, who opposed puritans on questions of religion
led to outright conflict between royalist military forces and forces opposing Charles I
Purpose of the factory acts
The purpose of the factory acts was to improve the work environment for specifically children. Children were working long hours, this act made is so children from ages 9-13 could work no more than 9 hours a day, and ages 13-18 work no more than 12 hours a day. Children could no longer work at night as well.
Why were railroads an improvement in transportation? Why were women the first factory workers?
Railroads were an improvement in transportation because it allowed products to be transported and traded and a faster rate. Women were the first factory workers because people thought that women could adapt more easily to working with machines, and were less likely to make mistakes. In addition, women were paid almost half less then men were.
where America dropped an Atomic bomb, on August 6 th, 1945, killing more than 70,000 people
One important result of Louis XIV calling the Estates General after so many years was?
The National Assembly was established
the emergence of modern science during the early modern period, when developments in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology and chemistry transformed views of society and nature
During the French Revolution how did the national assembly vote to pay off the huge national debt?
they wanted to increase taxes, reduce expenses and sell church lands.
personal, elegant style of art and architecture made popular during the mid-1700s that featured designs with the shapes of leaves, shells, and flowers
During the Reign of Terror who or what was ruling France?
Multistory building divided into crowded apartments.
a blockade designed by Napoleon to hurt Britain economically by closing European ports to British goods- ultimately unsuccessful
The process of taking over and consolidating land formerly shared by peasant farmers.
beheading device with fast moving blades & was a symbol of horror
Enlightenment despots were absolute rulers who used their power to bring social and political change. e.g. Catherine the great, Frederick the Great
The action or state of dividing or being divided into parts
Short and Long Term results of the Industrial Revolution.
Long Term- changes in ideas, women rights, easier ways to manufacture products, and plans for the future.
Short Term- increased city population, people's living standard, trade between nations, and worker exploitation.
Which Estate declared themselves the National Assembly?
The Third Estate
the state of not supporting or helping either side in a conflict
Catherine the Great and the Partition Poland
The Partitions of Poland were a series of three partitions by Russia, Prussia, and Austria.
Catherine the Great, became empress in 1762 and expanded her empire
What caused a stalemate on the Western Front during WW1?
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