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34 terms

culture vocabulary

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acculturation
the process that occurs when contact between 2 cultures results in substantial change in the culture of the individual members of one or both groups
beliefs
ideas or theories about the natural or supernatural world that are not supported by objectives or factual evidence
civilization
Urbanized society with a large very complex social organization; common attributes of civilization include: a) specialized division of labor, b) long distance trade, c) tribute and taxation, d) advances in record keeping, e) science and mathematics, f) some form of written money, g) monumental public architecture
clan
a kinship group based on descent through either males or females. Clan members frequently live and work together and believe they are descendants from a common ancestor.
cultural geography
the study of people and their way of life (human geography)
cultural landscape
the forms and artifacts sequentially placed on the physical landscape by activities of various human occupants
cultural region
an area of land where most people have enough in common to be considered a group
cultural trait
a single element of a normal practice in a culture - such as the wearing of a turban
culture
the total way of life of a group of people, including their beliefs, institutions and technology
culture hearth
a place in which important ideas begin, thereafter spread to surrounding cultures
custom
a practice from the past that people continue to observe
dialect
a local variation of a language
diffusion
the process of accepting, borrowing, and exchanging traits from one society to another; the spacial spreading or dissemination of a culture element
diversity
wide variations on features
enculturation
the slow and day-to-day process of learning your group's culture as an infant and a child
ethnic group
a group of people who share a language, history or place of origin; a large group of people who have more in common with each other than they do with other peoples
ethnocentrism
regarding one's own culture as being superior to others and judging other cultures from the perspective of your own culture
extended family
a household that includes not only parents and children, but also other relatives, such as grand-parents, uncles, aunts and cousins
folkways
traditional social customs
gender roles
the pattern of behaviour expected of males and females in a society
laws
standardized and formalized norms that regulate conduct
material culture
the "object" part of culture; all things that people make or build with natural or human made resources; it includes food, clothing, architecture, arts, crafts, technology, etc.
monotheism
belief in one God
mores
social norms that provide the moral standards of a group or society, and that are strictly enforced
non-material culture
the "idea" part of culture that includes religion, language, spirtual beliefs, superstitions, values, ways of viewing or behaving in the world
norm
a rule or standard that defines what people should or should not do, think, or feel in an given social situation
polygamy
the marriage of a person to more than one wife or husband
polytheism
the belief in many gods
race
within a single species, a group of living creatures sharing the same appearance or genetic charactistics. The concept of race among humans is more complicated and inlcudes social and cultural, as well as biological assessment
religion
the beliefs and practices of supernatural beings, power and forces
socialization
the process by which the accepted values, rules and ways of operating a society are passed on to the young
sub-culture
the attitudes, beliefs, values and behavioral habits shared by a group of people within a society, which differ from those of a society as a whole
technology
the methods, tools and machinery that humans have developed
value
an idea of what is good, right, wise or beneficial