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A/V Tech: Inventions and Origins (Vocab)
Terms in this set (41)
the standard size gauge of film stock, which contains 4 perforations on either side of the rectangular frame
substance typically made of cellulose acetate or polyester, used in the film roll
From Latin meaning "dark room." In this enclosed space, light is admitted through a small hole and falls on an opposite wall where the image facing the hole is projected upside down.
material--at first cellulose nitrate and later cellulose acetate--used as a base for photographic film
early film synchronization system of sound and picture achieved by attaching the cinematograph and photograph through coupled electrical motors
motion picture apparatus developed by Louis and Auguste Lumiere which served as a camera, projector, and developer
shots that would otherwise make up completely independent sequences, used to establish relationships between different events, usually occurring simultaneously events
in a narrative sequence, this is a shot that "________" from the main action (in a distinct change of space or time) in order to indicate passage of time or provide reference to the time, build suspense, show reactions, or provide outside information, after which there is as cut back to the primary sequence underway
The first widely used type of photograph in which the image is recorded on a mirrored surface coated with silver halide particles. A ____________ is actually a negative image that is viewed as a positive because of the reflected metal plate, but it cannot be duplicated to print multiple images
digital video (DV)
Photography in which the images are recorded as digit^ information--a series of binary information (zeroes and ones)--that does not change from generation to generation. The overall topic of digital moving image! capture is commonly referred to by the term digital cinematography.
A coating of light-sensitive silver salts, held in gelatin, that forms! a layer on the base of a film roll. See also Film Roll.
a shot that clearly identifies the location of a scene, usually shown as the first shot of a sequence after a change in location
The invisible line perceived between the eye of a person and what 2 being seen by that person. An _______ match is an edit in which spatial logic dictates that the position of the eyes of a character in one shot matches tin subject being perceived in another shot, including looks between characters.
Photographic film is a transparent, supple, thin strip of material such as celluloid or polyester, which is coated with a light-sensitive emulsion. The emulsion reacts to light, and when the film is developed it creates a negative image that can then be reproduced as a paper photograph, motion picture, or other type of viewable copy. With a piece of underdeveloped film, the dull side is the emulsion, the shiny side is the base.
flat-bed editing machine
editing table featuring flat plates for horizontal running of picture, multiple sound tells, a viewer, and improved ease and quality of use over the Moviola
photographic process invented by Niepce in the 1820's in which he coated a bitumen and lavender oil solution on a stone, metal, or glass plate, placed the varnished plate in a camera obscura, exposed it to light for many hours, and dipped the exposed plate in a lavender oil bath to leave an image
a shot of a detail of a scene (such as an object or a small detail of a character or a gesture) which is later inserted into the sequence during editing
motion picture camera developed by W.K.L. Dickson in 1891 from Thomas Edison's conceptualizations to produce films for the Kinetoscope viewing apparatus
Motion picture viewing apparatus developed by the Edison laboratories in which a single spectator watched a movie through small viewer. The movie ran in a single continuous band that passed between a long series of spools and was illuminated through an eyepiece.
the meaning and significance created by 2 shots in juxtaposition that is not apparent in the shots when they are viewed separately
A piece or series of pieces of transparent material, usually glass, that receive and refract light to form an image at a seer distance behind the ____. The ____ is affixed to or mounted on the camera and generally allows for control of focus and exposure.
Image projection device that normally functioned through the use of a light source such as an candle, a lens, and transparent slides. Used from the seventeenth century, development of the _____ _______ continued through the nineteenth century, during which lanternists would create dissolves between images and simulate movement on the screen by passing superimposed slides across each other
a covering of part of the frame to block light for emphasis or introduction of another image
Editing machine usually equipped to handle a single reel of film and sound track. It featured a small viewer, synchronization of picture and audio, portability, and it was noted for its versatility.
In photography, a camera commonly produces a ________ of the recorded image from which prints can be made. In filmmaking, the process of printing from the original negative is complex and can include many steps of making positives and negatives to produce the prints that will be seen in theaters.
in contemporary filmmaking, motion picture editing systems in which the footage has been shot in or transferred to a digital format and is edited using a program designed for random access to footage and unlimited cutting, pasting, and arranging of shots, combining characteristics of traditional film editing and computerized word processing
Optical toy invented by Belgian physicist Joseph Plateau, consisting of a flat disc with images along its edge. Above each image is a small hole. The viewer stands in front of a mirror, spins the device, and looks through the holes to see the images performing a simple movement, such as juggling.
the capturing and transferring of light to a preserved state
a box with a hole in one side which acts as a lens to focus the entering light and display its inverted image on the box's back surface, like with a camera obscura
motion picture device invented by Frenchman Emile Reynaud in 1877, in which moving images are seen through rotating mirrors
A type of photographic film that does not produce a negative: the film running through the camera is a positive, and it is thus typically the only copy of the film that exists. It has been used generally for amateur filmmaking (such as Super-8 films) and 16-millimeter student films.
A shot that is taken at the opposite angle from the shot immediately previous to it. The _______-angle ___ is commonly used in dialogue sequences, to depict movement of characters from one distinct space to another, and to accentuate perspectives of characters in action sequences.
short-range apparent motion
The phenomenon through which a viewer perceives real motion when observing a series of rapidly projected still images that are changing in small increments. Although each individual motion picture farm is a separate image and nothing is actually moving on the screen, the visual system of the eyes and brain allows viewers to perceive an image that is continuous and moving.
A mechanism that opens and closes to allow light to pass through the lens into the camera and onto the recording surface (such as celluloid film). In motion pictures, the _______ typically opens and closes twenty-four times per second.
A device used for cutting and attaching individual pieces of film. There are different models of _______, including the cement adhesive _______ (such as the hot _______) and tape _______. With the Rivas model tape _______, perforated transparent tape is places across the edit to adhere the 2 pieces of film.
These are the small, regular holes on the sides of a strip of
that the camera uses to move the film forward. For 35-millimeter film, there are normally 4 holes pled frame; for 16-millimeter film, there is one hole per frame.
the application of 2 or more images in the same space
the frame simultaneously, as in double exposure
An open-topped container designed to store individual pieces film during the editing process. Supports at either end of the bin hold a crossbar that has many thin hooks on which film strips can be hung using rocket holes.
a motion picture medium in which image and sound are recorded on a magnetic tape by a video camera
Although similar devices appeared centuries earlier in China, the European development of what became known as the ________ occurred in 1834 by William Horner. This cylinder spins on a base and the viewer looks [through?] rough holes in its sides to see the moving image of the illustrated band below the slits on the cylinder's interior.
A device that combined elements of the zoetrope and magic lantern. The early _____________ presented a continuously moving row of images, and the later _____________ presented a series of quickly passing shuttered views of single frames.