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32 terms

Poetry terms

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Alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds
Allusion
a reference in a literary work to something famous
Approximate Rhyme
rhyme in which the final sounds of words are similar but not identical also know as imperfect rhyme, close rhyme, near rhyme.
Assonance
a type of alliteration in which repeated vowel sounds can be identified in a line or lines of poetry
Audience
the intended reader of a piece of literature
Consonance
a type of alliteration in which the repeated consonant sounds are anywhere in the words
End Rhyme
Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry
Extended Metaphor
a metaphor which extends over several lines or an entire poem
Figurative Language
non-literal expressions to get across certain ideas more vividly
Hyperbole
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
Idiom
an expression in which the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression
Imagery
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
Implied Metaphor
a comparison is hinted but not clearly stated
Internal Rhyme
a word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line
Line break
the place where the poet breaks a line of poetry
Metaphor
a figure of speech comparing two unlike things without using like or as
Mood
the overall emotion created by a work of literature
Onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds
Personification
a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics
Poetic License
the freedom to change words or invent new ones, rearrange the normal order of words, and omit understood phrases in order to create a certain mood/ special meaning
Refrain
a sound, word, phrase or line repeated in a poem
Repetition
Repeating a word or phrase within a poem
Rhyme
repetition of end sounds
Rhyme Scheme
the pattern of rhymes in a poem
Rhythm
the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements
Simile
a comparison using like or as
Slant Rhyme
rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (ie "stress" and "kiss") sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, or partial rhyme
Speaker
the person speaking in the poem, like the narrator in prose - not always the poet
Stanza
a group of lines in a poem
Symbolism
things that stand for something else
Theme
the underlying meaning of a poem, the idea/message/intent presented by the author
Tone
The attitude of the author toward the audience and characters (e.g., serious or humorous).