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repetition of initial consonant sounds


a reference in a literary work to something famous

Approximate Rhyme

rhyme in which the final sounds of words are similar but not identical also know as imperfect rhyme, close rhyme, near rhyme.


a type of alliteration in which repeated vowel sounds can be identified in a line or lines of poetry


the intended reader of a piece of literature


a type of alliteration in which the repeated consonant sounds are anywhere in the words

End Rhyme

Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry

Extended Metaphor

a metaphor which extends over several lines or an entire poem

Figurative Language

non-literal expressions to get across certain ideas more vividly


a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor


an expression in which the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression


Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)

Implied Metaphor

a comparison is hinted but not clearly stated

Internal Rhyme

a word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line

Line break

the place where the poet breaks a line of poetry


a figure of speech comparing two unlike things without using like or as


the overall emotion created by a work of literature


the use of words that imitate sounds


a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics

Poetic License

the freedom to change words or invent new ones, rearrange the normal order of words, and omit understood phrases in order to create a certain mood/ special meaning


a sound, word, phrase or line repeated in a poem


Repeating a word or phrase within a poem


repetition of end sounds

Rhyme Scheme

the pattern of rhymes in a poem


the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements


a comparison using like or as

Slant Rhyme

rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (ie "stress" and "kiss") sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, or partial rhyme


the person speaking in the poem, like the narrator in prose - not always the poet


a group of lines in a poem


things that stand for something else


the underlying meaning of a poem, the idea/message/intent presented by the author


The attitude of the author toward the audience and characters (e.g., serious or humorous).

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