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The testes have both endocrine and exocrine functions. Describe the endocrine and exocrine products that come from the testes.
Endocrine function is where the testosterone is produced in the interstitial cells. The exocrine function is the production of spermatozoa which is produced by the seminiferous tubules.
Male sterility can result from excessively high temperatures around the testes. What mechanisms counteract the effects of high temperature?
Cremaster Muscle and the dartos muscle
Where is the cremaster muscle found?
It is found in the inguinal canal and scrotum between the external and internal layers of spermatic fascia, surrounding the testis and spermatic cord, or part of the crematic cord.
List all the structures involved in producing semen.
Testes, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and the bulbourethral glands.
A vasectomy in the cutting and tying of the two ductus deferens at the level of the spermatic cords. Review the percent of spermatozoa that composes semen and determine what effect a vasectomy has on semen volume.
No effect on semen volume.
Name the three sections of the urethra and where they occur.
Prostatic urethra- through the prostate
Membranous urethra- through the body wall
Spongy urethra- Inside the penis
Where is the glans penis located?
Expanded portion of the corpus spongiosum at the distal end of the penis.
Where is the fornix in the female reproductive system?
Recessed area in the superior vaginal tract near the cervix
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