Chapter 12 american pageant apush

Treaty of Ghent
Ended war of 1812, conquered territory restored
Hartford Convention
Federalists joined, thought of secession. 2/3 congress vote to declare war, add new states, pass embargoes. Abolish 3/5 clause. Single term presidents. no successive presidents from same state, END OF FEDERALIST PARTY
Rush-Bagot Agreement
Between US and Brit. decreased armaments w/ both
most important outcome of war of 1812--in education, literature, art, finance (national bank in 1816), military (expanded- defeated more pirates)
American system (and effect)
1- strong bank 2- tariff (protective) 3- internal improvements (transportation). effect-- knitted america together economically and politically
Tariff of 1816
first protective tariff ever
Era of Good Feelings
causes of this period of time: 1- nationalism 2- federalists declined in power after Hartford convention 3- lessening of political dissidence. Problems: American system debates-- 1- transportation (New England didn't like new transportation because brought business away from them) and 2- bank (bank foreclosed farms in a pinch in the Panic of 1819)
First Party System
a model of American politics--political party system existing in the United States between roughly 1792 and 1824. two national parties competing for control of the presidency, Congress, and the states: the Federalist Party, created largely by Alexander Hamilton, and the rival Democratic-Republican Party formed by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. The Federalists were dominant until 1800, and the Republicans were dominant after 1800. The First Party System ended during the Era of Good Feelings (1816-1824), as the Federalists shrank to a few isolated strongholds and the Republicans lost unity. In 1824-28, as the Second Party System emerged, the Republican Party split into the Jacksonian faction, which became the modern Democratic Party in the 1830s, and the Henry Clay faction, which was absorbed by Clay's Whig Party.
Land Act 1820
80 acres for 1.25 per acre
Tallmadge Amendment
NOT PASSED No new slaves in Missouri-- children of slaves emancipated (called gradual emancipation)
Missouri Compromise
36 by 30. No new slaves north of this line. admitted Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state.
McCulloch v. Maryland
Maryland tried to tax a branch of the second bank of america. Marshall declined them of that. EFFECT: Strengthened federal authority and decreased state authority
Cohens v. Virginia
Cohens sold lottery tickets illegally and Marshall stopped that. EFFECT: Strengthened federal authority and decreased state authority
Gibbons v. Ogden
NY tried to get a monopoly over water commerce to NJ. Only congress could regulate interstate trade. EFFECT: Strengthened federal authority and decreased state authority
Fletcher v. Peck
Bribed Georgia legislature gave 35 million acres of land to private speculators of Mississippi. Actually, the court said that since it was an official contract, there was nothing they could do about it. EFFECT: protected property rights, gave more power to Supreme Court to invalidate state laws conflicting w/ the constitution
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
In 1816, the New Hampshire legislature attempted to change Dartmouth College-- a privately funded institution--into a state university.The Supreme Court upheld the original charter. The decision settled the nature of public versus private charters and resulted in the rise of the American business corporation.
Treaty of 1818
America can now 1- share Newfoundland fisheries with Canada and 2- coexist in the Oregon territory
Florida Purchase Treaty of 1819 (Adams-Onis Treaty)
Barter of land between Spain and America. Spain gets TX in turn for Florida and Oregon
Russo-American Treaty (1829)
Russia extended into Alaska