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33 terms

Liz keyterms final

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Candidiasis
superficial infection caused by a yeastlike fungus
Dental sealant
Coating that covers the occlusal pits and fissures of teeth.
Gingivitis
Inflammation of the gingival tissue
Periodontal
Referring to the periodontium
Leukoplakia
formation of white spots or patches on the oral mucosa
Tooth Decay
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Inflammation
Protective response of the tissues to irritation or njury
Acute Inflammation
minimal & short lasting injury to tissue
Chronic Inflammation
continuous injury or irritation to tissue
Caries
The infectious disease process of tooth decay
Supragingival
Referring to the area above the gingiva
Lactobacilli
bacteria that produce lactic acid from carbohydrates
Xerostomia
dryness of the mouth caused by reduction of saliva
Cariogenic
Producing or promoting tooth decay
Pathology
is the study of diseases in the oral cavity
Rampant caries
decay that developes rapidly and is widespread throughout the mouth
Cavitation
formation of a cavity or hole
Preventive dentistry
Program of patient education, use of fluorides, application of dental sealants, proper nutrition, and plaque control.
demineralization
loss of minerals from tooth
abscess
localized area of pus originating from an infection
periodontium
Structures that surround, support and are attached to the teeth.
Fluoride
A topical agent used to produce a stronger, calcified structure
Biopsy
emoval of tissue from living patients for diagnosis examination
Lymphadenopathy
disease or swelling of the lymph nodes
Incipient caries
tooth decay that is beginning to form or become apparent
Subgingival
Referring to the area below the gingiva
Xylitol
ingredient in chewing gum that has an antibacterial effect against decay causing bacteria
Plaque
Soft deposit on teeth that consists of bacteria and bacterial byproducts
Matans Streptococci
type of bacteria primarily responsible for caries
Calculus
Calcium and phosphate salts in saliva that become mineralized and adhere to tooth surfaces
Periodontists
Inflammatory disease of the supporting tissues of the teeth.
Remineralization
replacement of minerals in the tooth
Nutrients
Organic and inorganc chemicals in food that supple engergy