30 terms

Basic Photo Definitions

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Composition
The arrangement of subjects and objects in the frame of your photo.
Subject
The object, subject, or thing that is the main point of your photo.
Focal Point
Where the viewer's eye rests in your photo.
Exposure
The amount of light needed to make a photograph.
Overexposed
Allowing too much light into your camera for your photograph. Your photo will be too light or white.
Underexposed
Allowing too little light into your camera for your photograph. Your photo will be too dark or black.
Point and Shoot Camera
An automatic, easy to use camera that determines your exposure and focus for you.
Single Lens Reflex Camera
A camera with a movable mirror and detachable lenses that allows you to see exactly what you will be photographing.
Rule of Thirds
The composition technique that breaks your frame into 9 even squares, and concentrates on keeping your subject outside of the center square, to keep your viewer's eye moving around the composition.
Lines
The composition technique concentrating on lines to make your photograph. Vertical lines mean power and strength. Horizontal lines show relaxation and calm. Diagonal lines show movement and are dynamic. Leading lines bring the viewer's eye into your photo and show depth.
Texture
The composition technique using different textures to create the focal point of your photo. Angled light is needed to bring out the textures, photographing during the golden hour is the best way to emphasize texture.
Perspective
The composition technique using object placement, vanishing points, and receding lines to create the illusion of depth and 3-dimensionality in your photo.
Repetition
The composition technique using repetition of objects, colors, textures, or lines to create interest and attention for your viewer. Breaking the repetition is also a way to draw interest for your viewer. Odd numbered groupings are best - 3 or 5.
Framing
The composition technique using objects in your photo to frame your subject, creating depth and interest.
Shadows
When properly used, they will create depth, contrast and added interest for your viewer.
Action
You show this by either stopping or freezing it, or by using the panning technique. Stop action utilizes high shutter speeds, and should be believable. Panning will give a 'blurred' effect to the background and back half of your subject.
Macro
This allows you to create simple and extraordinary compositions out of very small, ordinary subjects. The closer the better.
Landscape
This genre of photography is most used as fine art photography, and challenges the photographer to creatively show more than what is seen through personal interpretation.
Photography
Writing with light.
Resolution
The number of pixels per inch in your image. Often referred to in pixels per inch or ppi. A higher number will give you more detail and fineness in your image.
PPI
Pixels Per Inch - the amount of pixels per inch on your screen or image - the number talks about your resolution. Larger numbers will give you more detail and smoothness in your image.
Contrast
The range of difference between the highlights and shadows in your photo. Contrast will add depth and a feeling of 3 dimensionality to your image.
Flatten Layers
Layers: Flatten. Do this only before you print - you should always keep a saved version of your photo that is unflattened, so you can go back and adjust as you need to without having to start over completely.
Golden Hour
The time of day that gives the best light for photographing generally during the first and last hours of light during the day.
F-Stop
The number defining how large or small your aperture is set to. Smaller numbers (1, 1.4, 2, 2.8) equal a larger opening, whereas larger numbers (22, 32, 45, 64) equal a smaller opening.
Aperture
The opening in the lens that allows light to come through to expose your photo.
Shutter Speed
The amount of time the shutter inside the camera is open to expose your photo.
Simplicity
The composition technique of creating a very simple photo with one subject and no distractions for the viewer.
BDE
Basic Daylight Exposure or the Sunny 16 Rule. On a sunny day, your proper exposure outdoors will always be 1/125th of a second at f16.
Equivalent Exposure
In order to change your aperture or shutter speed to effect the aesthetics of your photo, you can find the proper exposure at a different f-stop and shutter speed, but still allow the same amount of light into your camera. i.e. 1/125 @ f16 = 1/500 @ f8 .