Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (82)
efficacious sign of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the church
breaks friendship that God has created with his people
Adam and Eve's disobeying of God's command
image of god
present in all humans by "virtue of their creation by Almighty God"; made even more explicit through Baptism
supernatural, free, and undeserved help from God is given for specific circumstances to help us choose what is good and what is evil
the free and unmerited favor of God given through the sacraments
the material of physical sign of a sacrament
the necessary ritual words and signs that accompany a sacrament
from the greek, meaning "first"; the first message of Good News in genesis 3:15 where the promise of the Messiah is made
a lesser sin that does not result in a complete separation from God; minor, still affects relationship with God
a thought, word, deed, or commission contrary to God's eternal law; human act that presumes knowledge of wrongdoing and awareness of malice
temptation/inclination towards sin
helps Christians to know what we should or should not do in every situation that demands a moral decision
aligns our relations with both God and neighbor, when understanding divine filiation
fear of the lord
desire to love God and fear of just punishment
strengthens the will and resolve, allowing a follower of Christ to stand firm in his convictions as a child of God
allows us to penetrate more deeply into the divine mysteries and reach the fullness of the catholic faith
the unique and true presence of the body, blood, soul, and divinity of Christ in the eucharist under the appearances of bread and wine
the scholastic term used to designate the unique change, in a true, real, and substantial manner
describes the use of forms of anointing and laying on of hands in the early church
meaning communion, fellowship or association
sorrow and resolution not to sin because of God's love
from the Latin for "mutual participation"
sorrow and resolution not to sin out of fear of the Lord
biblical reference to penance
from the Greek for "thanksgiving"; also called the Mass or Lord's Supper
cup of consummation
The last cup in the Passover ceremony. At the Last Supper, Jesus ended the meal before ______; his death on the Cross was to be the consummation of his Passover sacrifice.
cup of blessing
the third cup drunken during the passover
Baptism of blood
the teaching of the Church that unbaptized persons who die for their faith in Christ will receive the fruits of baptism without having actually received baptism by water
Baptism of Desire
fits the situation of catechumens who die before they can be baptized by water due to their desire to receive the sacrament along with their repentance for sins and life of charity
The truth that the Catholic bishops today can trace their authority in a direct line back to the Apostles and ultimately from Christ himself, each consecrated a bishop by another bishop.
seal of confession
the term means that the priest can never reveal what he has been told in confession
-reconciles God and man
-restores sanctifying grace
-imparts actual graces to avoid sin
what are the accomplishments of reconciliation
-will is strengthened
-helps increase genuine self knowledge
-helps us grow in humility
what are the purpose of the graces received in reconciliation
stabilizes and increases the intimate union with Christ, forgives venial sings, strengthens us to avoid grave sins, strengthens against temptation
what are the benefits of receiving the eucharist in a worthy manner
jesus said he was the living bread came down from heaven, which would give eternal life to those who ate of it
how does John chapter 6 (Bread of Life Discourse) support and clarify the Catholic teaching regarding the Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist?
liturgy of the word, distribution of the eucharist, offering, thanksgiving, the creed
What parts of the Mass are included in St Justin Martyr's First Apology?
The sacrifice of Christ on the Cross is re-presented in each and every Mass that is validly celebrated during the Sacrifice of Mass offering
What is the relationship between the Sacrifice of Calvary and the Sacrifice of the Mass?
-need to be in a state of grace
-keep the Eucharistic fast
-have the right intention
-must be united to the sacrifice of Christ
When is a person properly disposed to receive the eucharist?
to celebrate and offer the Holy Mass with greater fruitfulness
What is the role of having the proper dispositions in regards to receiving the Eucharist?
Offered by a priest: at Mass, it is Christ, the eternal High Priest, who offers the sacrifice
Victim is an unblemished male: the Eucharistic sacrifice is Christ himself
Offered in remission for sin: Redemption earned by Christ
Destroyed in some manner: On Calvary, Christ's Body was broken. Though now in his resurrected form, this same victim is present on our altar at Mass
How does the Mass, which is part of the New Testament, fulfill the four scriptural parts of a sacrifice found in the Old Testament?
3 conditions of mortal sin
-full knowledge by sinner
-complete consent by sinner
law of God, directs all of creation according to his Divine wisdom; it concerns mankind and the moral decisions that we make
8 reasons why Catholics aren't cannibals
1. the eucharist is life
2. the eucharist is the whole body and blood of Jesus christ
3. the eucharist is the glorified body of jesus christ
4. the eucharist contains the soul of jesus christ
5. the eucharist is not diminished
6. the eucharist consumes us
7. the eucharist is nonviolent
8. the eucharist contains the divinity of jesus christ
Isaiah 22:22 "And i will place on his shoulder they key of the house of David"; leadership of christian community was given to peter, changed simon to peter=rock, laying the foundation of the church, promised him to be the pope
When is the giving of keys/a key first mentioned in Sacred Scripture? What occurred in this passage? What things are entailed in the giving of keys to St. Peter?
What are the two essential purposes of the conjugal act?
not fulfilling God's plan of marriage, mortal sin
What is the effect of denying one of the essential purposes of the conjugal act?
in marriage a man and woman become one flesh and that cannot be broken; if divorced and remarried it is considered adultery
What did Jesus teach concerning divorce and remarriage in Mark 10:1-12?
matter- oil of the sick
form- words of spiritual healing
what are the three components of the Sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick?
Is there any force on earth that can dissolve a valid marriage? If so, what is it?
How did Jesus heal people?
administered to baptized catholics who are in danger of death due to sickness or old age
In what situations may a person receive the Sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick?
-reconciles man and God
-restores sanctifying grace
-forgives confessed sins
-imparts actual grace to avoid sin
Effects/Benefits of the Sacrament of Reconciliation
1. removal of original sin
2. member of Christ
3. infused with the theological virtues
4. receive sanctifying grace(share in God's own life)
5. actual grace (assistance from God to resist sin)
Effects/benefits of the Sacrament of Baptism
form-words "i baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit"
minister- bishop, priest, or deacon
Form/Matter/Minister - Sacrament of Baptism
matter- sacred oil
form-"be sealed with the gift of the holy spirit"
Form/Matter/Minister - Sacrament of Confirmation
-gifts of the Holy Spirit
-bond with the Church is perfected
-special graces are given to them to spread and defend faith
-baptismal grace is perfected
Effects/benefits of the Sacrament of Confirmation
no because they are acting in persona christi
Does the moral character of the minister of a sacrament effect the validity of the sacraments?
-unites the sick person to Christ's passion
-grants strength, peace, and courage
-forgives sins, restoring sanctifying grace
-prepares the person for passage into eternal life
-removes temporal punishment
What are the effects/benefits of the Sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick?
to receive the forgiveness of sins committed after baptism
why did Christ institute the Sacrament of Reconciliation?
-bad habits are corrected
-genuine self-knowledge increased
-the conscience is purified
-the will is strengthened
-self-control is increased
What are the benefits/effects of frequent Confession?
-not a sacrament of maturity
-not becoming an adult in the church
-not a sacrament where one claims or affirms the faith for himself
-does not complete Christian initiation or make a full catholic
Fallacies - Sacrament of Confirmation
God's total, unconditional, and unmerited love for people, which has the power to transform and save those who accept that love; received through all sacraments
they gave into the temptation of making themselves the arbiters of good and evil
What was the root of Adam and Eve's disobedience in the Garden of Eden?
enables us to enter freely into God's communion of love
Sanctifying Grace - what are its effects?
to live and act in keeping with God's call
What is role of one's dispositions when receiving the grace of God in the sacraments?
when St. John the Baptist baptized people it wasn't a sacrament, it was meant to prepare the way for the lord
Difference between baptisms given by Jesus and St. John the Baptist
to fulfill the law; associated himself with the condition of mankind
Why did Jesus get baptized if He was without sin?
eastern rite baptismal ceremonies
baptism where child is held facing east by the godparents in the entrance of the church, priest blows into the face of the child to form a cross, triple immersion, child instantly receives sacraments of confirmation and eucharist, male child's hair is cut signifying child of God
latin rite baptismal ceremonies
baptism where parents chose between immersion or effusion, baptized adults only receive all sacraments of initiation, child is dressed in white and has baptismal candle and gold cross placed on child
In early church writings
when did infant baptism practice begin in the Church's history?
parents make the decision for their child to be baptized but it is ultimately up to the child if they want to continue their faith, the also has to be an example of christian life which is the duty of the parents
What is the relationship between Infant Baptism and the parents of the infant being baptized?
Miracle of Lanciano
monk struggling w Real Presence; prayed about it; while saying Mass one day communion turned into real flesh and blood; miracle; the flesh and blood haven't aged throughout all the days and is still perfect today
Christ gave his divine authority specifically to the 12 apostles
What are some of the reasons for the Church only ordaining men to the priesthood?
She was born without original sins; obeyed God's will
How was the Blessed Mother unlike other Old Testament figures?
people who have received the sacrament of baptism
Who can receive the Sacrament of Confirmation?
priest's act in persona christi
Relationship between God and the priests in administering the Sacraments
The pope and the bishops
The relationship between the Apostles and St. Peter parallels what relationship that exists today?
Christ saved us from original sin
What are the things that Christ accomplished for us?
baptism by affusion
water is poured on the child's head
baptism by immersion
child is completely immersed in the water
that marriage causes many worldly troubles, whereas the unmarried can be completely dedicated to God.
How did Jesus and St. Paul view celibacy?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Sacraments Chapter 3 - THS Junior Theology
Eucharist Test SG
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
religion exam s1 2016 - matthews
Grade 5 Sadlier Religion Unit 1
Guro First Semester Final
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
mathews religion 2
chapter 4 review econ
level g unit 8 antonyms
level g unit 8 synonyms