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71 terms

Literary Terms

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juxtaposition
two opposties places next to each other
juxtaposition
The darkened sky rumbled behind the bright outdoor stage as it played light tunes.
juxtaposition
"Among my personal highlights is the memory of having my picture taken with Uncle Paul, the legally blind host of Raleigh children's television show. Among Hugh's is the memory of having his picture taken with Buzz Aldrin on the last leg of the astronaut's world tour."
anaphora
intentional repetition at the beginning of sentences or phrases
anaphora
"we shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans' we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills. We shall never surrender." Churchill
anaphora
"What the hammer? What the chain, In what furnace was thy brain? What the anvil? What dread grasp. Dare its deadly terrors clasp?"- William Blake "The Tyger"
pun
a play on words in order to create humor, double meaning
pun
Headline on the cloning of the sheep Dolly: "When Will We See Ewe Again?"
pun
Children ghosts need to be told to fasten their "sheet" belts.
allegory
style in which one thing represents another (usually spiritual) thing; literary style using characters as symbols
allegory
Everyman, Pilgrim's Progress, Plato's "Myth (or Allegory) of the Cave"
personification
giving animate qualities to inanimate objects
personification
"Ah, William, we're weary of weather" said the sunflowers, shining with dew.
personification
"Our traveling habits have tired us. Can you give us a room with a view?" William Blake
personification
"England expects every man to do his duty" Lord Nelson
synecdoche
description using a part of something to represent a whole or vice versa; a symbolic technique
synecdoche
He bought a new set of wheels (for the whole car)
synecdoche
"Give us this day our daily bread" Matthew 6
meiosis
understatement dealing with a significant issue
meiosis
I had to have a small removal (referring to an amputation)
meiosis
That guy with the shothun on top of the clock tower must have a "case of the Mondays"
prolepsis
a future event is referred to in anticipation; a grammatical construction that consists of putting a syntactic unit before that to which it would logically correspond
prolepsis
Example of the first sense: You are a dead man (before the person is really dead).
prolepsis
They drained the lake dry (not dry until after draining).
prolepsis
Example of the second sense: Consider the trees in the forest how they grow.
analepsis
a flashback; to restore or do over
analepsis
The entire premise fo the show Muppet Babies is analeptic (based on the future personalitiles of the Muppet characters--e.g. Gonzo's infatuation with chickens, Piggy's infatuation with Kermit)
analepsis
In MAUS, Vladek's portions of the story are told through ________
parody
a style in which an author uses mimicry to make fun of an idea, person, object, etc
parody
Saturday Nigh Live's sketch of the White House, Presidential debates, etc.
parody
A satirical parody
paradox
use of apparently contradictory ideas to actually reveal some truth.
Paradox
The hypocrite's _____: I hate hypocrites, but the one thing I hate even more is intolerant hupocrites.
Paradox
He played beautifully on the baby grand piano (or any other oxymoron--which is a small _____.
Paradox
I never found a companion so companionable as solitude.
Syntax
word order in sentence
Diction
word choise
alliteration
repeating of constant sounds
assonanse
vowel sounds
dichotomy
having two parts that are contradictory
dichotomy
Bringing the antiques store on-line revealed a strange _____ between the antiquated and dated and the new and technological.
dichotomy
The company CEO had a dichotomous nature: his business persona was ruthless, cold-hearted, and brutal, bet he had made his empire through selling lullaby-singing candles.
tautology
needless redundancy of the same ideo
tautology
Brief examples: free gift, in this day and age, newe innovation, adequate enough, ATM machine, PDD day, With malice toward none, with charity for all.
tautology
"This is like deja vu all over again" "You can observe a lot just by watching" "You've got to be carful if you don't know where you're going, because you might not get there." "If you can't imitate him, don't copy him." "I made a wrong mistake"
metonymy
a word is replaced by another associated with it; symbolic use of one word for another
metonymy
He abandoned the sword [referring to leaving his military career]
metonymy
He is a man of the cloth [for a priest]
litotes
affirmative idea expressed by negation of the opposite (in order to emphasize the affirmative idea)
litotes
This is no matter. "Iwill in no wise cast out" (meaning I will receive) John 6.37
litotes
He was not unfamiliar with the work of Dickens.
litotes
Reaching the moon was no ordinary task
apotheosize
to glorify, exalt or raise to the heavens (_____ is the noun)
apotheosize
Description of "The ________ of Washington" (the rotunda mural in the U.S. Capitol): In the central group of the fresco, Brumidi depicted George Washington rising to the heavens in glory, flanked by female figures representing Liberty and Victory/Fame. A rainbow arches at his feet, and thirteen maidens symbolizing the original sates flank the three central figures. (The word "_____" in the title means literally the raising of a person to the rank of a god, or the glorification of a person as an ideal; George Washington was honored as a national icon in the nineteenth century.)
apotheosize
Oh, great and mighty, Ms. Cohen, English teacher of the gods, will you please give me a sticker?
hyperbole
intentional exaggeration
hyperbole
I'm so hungry, I could eat a horse.
hyperbold
I did so much homework this weekend that my brain nearly exploded.
antithesis
character or idea that is the opposite of another and place next to each other (through juxtaposition) in parallel grammatical structure
antithesis
"It was the best of times, it was the worst of times." Dickens "In peace sons bury their fathers, in war fathers bury their sons." "One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." Armstrong
onomatopoeia
set of words that sound like the object or action they describe
onomatopoeia
"A thin whine of wires, a ratting and flapping of leaves..." Roethke
onomatopoeia
A the bees outside buzzed, Ma cooked up a steak that sizzled and brewed the tea pot, which whistled
onomatopoeia
buzzz, crashhh, blam,
metaphor
direct analogy between two things that have little in common (an implied, rather than stated, comparison)
metaphor
"For ever since that time you went away I've been a rabbit burrowed in the wood" Sceve
metaphor
"Life's but a walking shadow; a poor player, That struts and frets his hour upon the stage" Shakespeare
simile
comparison of two unlike objects using the words like or as
simile
"The sort story is like a room to be furnished; the is a warehouse" Singer
simile
Her mind was like a factory churning out ideas
simile
"You are like a hurricane: there's calm in you eye, but I'm getting blown away" - Neil Young

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