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Terms in this set (88)
English Middle Ages began
when Germanic tribes invaded England (c. 450)
English Middle Ages ended
when Henry VII became king (c. 1485)
First king of the Tudor dynasty
The Anglo-Saxon language spoken from approximately 450 to 1150 A.D. in what is now Great Britain.
The language spoken in England roughly between 1150 and 1500 A.D.
Roman defense against the Picts
Believed to be the burial ground of the pre-Roman Celtic invaders of England
Alfred the Great
King of Wessex from 871 to 899; he defeated Danish invaders and united Anglo- Saxon England under his control. He compiled a code of laws and promoted learning.
Battle of Hastings
the decisive battle in which William the Conqueror (duke of Normandy) defeated the Saxons under Harold II (1066)
wrote a history of English Christianity
English minstrels who memorized and performed poetry
"Ecclesiastical History of the English People"
A work in Latin by Bede on the history of the Christian Churches in England, and of England generally; its main focus is on the conflict between Roman and Celtic Christianity; it was translated into Old English by Alfred the Great's scribes
hymn about Creation composed by a shy, cowherd from Whitby; included in Bede's "Ecclesiastical History"
Intended to teach
A long narrative poem, written in heightened language, which recounts the deeds of a heroic character who embodies the values of a particular society
the original leader of the Danes; great-grandfather of Hrothgar; means shield
grandfather of Hrothgar
a great warrior, goes to Denmark on a successful mission to kill Grendel
A demon descended from Cain, he preys on Hrothgar's warriors in the king's mead-hall, Heorot. He is defeated by Beowulf.
name of Hrothgar's Great Hall. Name means male deer. His great hall comes under attack by Grendel.
A device employed in Anglo-Saxon poetry in which the name of a thing is replaced by one of its functions or qualities, as in "ring-giver" for king and "whale-road" for ocean.
Wife of Hrothgar
"The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle"
annual record of important happenings in England; began with Alfred the Great and continues to 1154.
Expression of an idea in a roundabout way
City in England and location of a monastery where the Venerable Bede lived
The term used to refer to the language and literature of England between 1100-1485
Date for Battle of Hastings
Combatants in the Battle of Hastings
Harold vs. William (the Conqueror)
instrument by which the English used the technique of crossfire
York and Lancaster
Two houses that fought in the War of Roses
king who signed the Magna Carta
Date the Magna Carta was signed
the right to a trial by jury without extra expense to the accused
The body of laws governing the religious practices of a Christian church
organized labor groups
expeditions to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims
Morning Star of the Reformation
Bohemian preacher who followed the teachings of John Wycliffe
"For the Order of the Priesthood"
"Sentence of the Curse Expounded"
"The Canterbury Tales"
The Innkeeper in "The Canterbury Tales"
St. Thomas Becket
He was murdered before mass in Canterbury Cathedral by four knights; in "Canterbury Tales" the pilgrims are on their way to his shrine
The rooster in "The Nun's Priest's Tale"
Chanticleer's main love in "The Nun's Priest's Tale"
The fox in "The Nun's Priest's Tale"
"Fair Hands" - so named by Sir Kay
Sir Patrick Spens
A sea captain goes on a death mission
supposed drafts on the heavenly treasure of merit accumulated by the saints
Wycliffe's religious followers
repetition with variation
Meaning of "Renaissance"
Year for defeat of the Spanish Armada
Son of Henry VIII
Tudor Queen who attempted to quell Protestantism in England
Mary I ("Bloody Mary")
Tudor Queen who took a moderating approach to Catholicism and Protestantism
Spanish King who sent the Spanish Armada against England
English sea dog who led in the defeat of the Spanish Armada
Sir Francis Drake
He produced the first English Bible from the Hebrew and Greek texts
Law which made Henry VIII head of the Church of England
Act of Supremacy
Used as the guidebook for the Church of England
The Book of Common Prayer
Author of "Utopia"
Sir Thomas More
Author of "A Dialogue Concerning Heresies and Matters of Religion"
Sir Thomas More
Author of "Parable of Wicked Mammon"
Author of "Acts and Monuments"
Hugh Latimer, Nicholas Ridley, Thomas Cranmer
Martyr who stuck his hand in the fire first because he had signed papers of recantation
Setting of Macbeth
King of Scotland at the beginning of Macbeth
Sons of Duncan
Malcolm and Donalbain
General whom Macbeth has murdered
Who said, "Fair is foul and foul is fair"?
The three witches
Who feared that Macbeth's nature was "too full of the milk of human kindness"?
Who said, "False face must hide what false heart doth know"?
Who said, "There's daggers in men's smiles"?
Who said, "Double, double, toil and trouble, fire burn and cauldron bubble"?
The three witches
Who said, "Tomorrow and tomorrow and tomorrow"?
How does Lady Macbeth die?
It is implied by Malcolm in his final speech that she committed suicide
What does Lady Macbeth do while she sleep walks?
She attempts to wash the blood of Duncan off her hands
In Act 1, with what three titles do the three witches greet Macbeth?
Thane of Glamis, Thane of Cawdor, King of Scotland
A long speech expressing the thoughts of a character alone on stage
Woods that "move" against Macbeth
According to the witches, who cannot "harm Macbeth"?
"None of woman born"
Who kills Macbeth?
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