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54 terms

east asia unit map

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Ring of Fire
a circle where tectonic plates meet and there are many earth quakes and volcanoes
Himalayas
the world's highest mountain range; located in South Asia; includes Mount Everest, the world's tallest mountain peak; these mountains separate India from China
Qinling Shandi Mountains
located in southeastern & east-central China; they divide the northern part of China from the southern part of China
Plateau of Tibet
vast, elevated plateau in Central Asia covering most of the Tibet Autonomous Region and Qinghai Province in western China,stretches approximately 1,000 kilometers (620 mi) north to south and 2,500 kilometers (1,600 mi) east to west
Tarim Basin
area is sparsely settled by the Uyghurs, other Turkic peoples and Tajiks.
Korean Peninsula
in East Asia. It extends southwards for about 684 miles (1,100 km) from continental Asia into the Pacific Ocean and is surrounded by the Sea of Japan to the east, and the Yellow Sea to the west, the Korea Strait connecting the first two bodies of water.
Hainan (Island)
smallest province of the People's Republic of China (PRC)
Hong Kong
land mass of 1,104 km2 (426 sq mi) and a population of seven million people, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated areas in the world.[11] Hong Kong's population is 95 percent ethnic Chinese and 5 percent from other groups
Yangtze River
longest river in Asia, and the third longest in the world. It flows for 6,418 kilometers (3,988 mi)
West River
western tributary of the Pearl River in China
Pearl River (also an estuary)
China's third longest river (2,400 km, after the Yangtze River and the Yellow River), and second largest by volume (after the Yangtze)
Three Gorges Dam
a dam begun in the late 20th century on the Chang Jiang in China, to help control flooding, generate power, & allow ships to sail farther into China; will span a valley more than 1 mile wide
Aquaculture
farming of aquatic organisms such as fish, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic plants
Typhoon
mature tropical cyclone that develops in the northwestern part of the Pacific Ocean between 180° and 100°E
Japan
an island nation in East Asia, located in the Pacific Ocean
Kanto earthquake
struck the Kantō plain on the Japanese main island of Honshū at 11:58:44 am on Saturday, September 1, 1923
Buddhism
played an enormous role in shaping the mindset of the Chinese people, affecting their aesthetics, politics, literature, philosophy and medicine
Siddhartha Gautama
was a spiritual teacher from the Indian subcontinent, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded
Four Noble Truths/Eightfold Path
teachings on the four noble truths explain the nature of dukkha
Tibetan Buddhism
Regions practiced: Himalayas, including Tibet, northern Nepal, Bhutan, and India
The Potala Palace
the chief residence of the Dalai Lama until the 14th Dalai Lama fled to Dharamsala, India, during the 1959 Tibetan uprising
Confucianism
Chinese ethical and philosophical system developed from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius
Taoism
refers to a philosophy and/or religious tradition that emphasizes living in harmony with everything that exists
Lao tse
a deity in most religious forms of Taoist philosophy
yin and yang
polar opposites or seemingly contrary forces are interconnected and interdependent in the natural world
Feng shui
to help one improve life by receiving positive qi
Chinese inventions
paper-making, the compass, gunpowder, and printing
Zen Buddhism
Zen emphasizes the personal expression of experiential wisdom in the attainment of enlightenment
Shinto
It is a set of practices, to be carried out diligently, to establish a connection between present day Japan and its ancient past
torii gate
is a traditional Japanese gate most commonly found at the entrance of or within a Shinto shrine, where it symbolically marks the transition from the profane to the sacred
Samurai
is the term for the military nobility of pre-industrial Japan
Shogun
was one of the (usually) hereditary military dictators of Japan
Burakumin
are a Japanese social minority group
Baseball
it is a popular game in the chinese culture and adapted from western culture
Juku
private schools that offer lessons conducted after regular school hours and on the weekends
Commodore Matthew Perry
man who opened up east asia up to trade with western markets in 1845
Giri
a Japanese value roughly corresponding to "duty", "obligation"
Ninjo
is human feeling that complements and opposes the value of giri, or social obligation
Yurt
portable tent that most nomads use for shelter
pastoral nomadism
form of life where livestock are herded in order to find fresh pastures on which to graze following an irregular pattern of movement
China's One Child Policy
in order to control the rapidly growing population each family is allowed to have one child
Megalopolis
a dense city which holds millions of people
public transit
in tokyo many light rails and subways are used to transport the massive population
edge cities
government set up cities that try and draw people away from megalopolises, a place where people can work and live
spheres of influence
a trade alliance formed from european countries with China, the countries made China sign treaties which gave them certain rights to parts of China's trade
Boxer Rebellion
the chinese response to be under the control of the spheres of influence
Sun Yat-sen
founded nationalist party in 1912
Chiang Kai-shek
took over nationalist party and unified country in 1920 then was taken over by communist party in 1930
Mao Redoing
1949 the communist the nationalists with this guy
Deng Xiaoping
1976 became China's most powerful leader throughout the 80's
economic tigers
cheap labor, high technology, aggressive exports
Pacific Rim
an economic & social region that includes the countries that surround the Pacific Ocean; extends clockwise from New Zealand in the western Pacific to Chile in the eastern Pacific - it also includes the west coast of the U.S.
Jakota Triangle
a zone of prosperity during the 1980's & early 1990's: Japan, South Korea, & Taiwan
Economic Recession of 1990s
banks went bankrupt and many investors pulled out of major companies