18.2 Reconstruction and Daily Life
Terms in this set (16)
A school set up to educate newly freed African Americans.
small farmers and tenants
Ku Klux Klan
A group formed in 1866 that wanted to restore Democratic control of the South and to keep former slaves powerless; the group called for a "racially and morally pure" America.
kill without legal sanction
Why did many newly freed African Americans leave plantations?
1. to return to the places where they were born
2. Just because they could
3. for economic opportunity
4. to reunite with family.
How did freedom allow African Americans to strengthen family ties?
1. African Americans could get married legally
2. raise families without having to worry about their children being sold.
Why was education an important goal for African Americans?
So they could become economically independent.
Who aided and who opposed education for African Americans in the South?
Aided: Freedmen's Bureau, Northern missionary groups and African American organizations.
Opposed: Many white Southerners and racists.
Why did many Americans want land reform in the South? What happened to proposals for land reform?
They thought civil rights meant little without economic independence; land could provide that independence. The proposals didn't pass.
How did the contract system operate?
They returned to the plantation not as slaves but as wage earners, the plantation owners offered contracts, African Americans to decide who to work for and the planters could not abuse or spilt up families.
How did the sharecropping system operate?
worker rented a plot of land to farm, landowner provided tools seed and housing, at harvest time the sharecropper had to give a share of the crops to the landowner.
What were the drawbacks of the contract system and sharecropping?
Contract system: Even the best contracts paid very low wages, workers often could not leave the plantations without permission, many owners cheated workers out of wages and other benefits, the worst was laws punished workers for breaking their contacts, even if the plantation owners were abusing or cheating them.
Sharecropping: farmers and landowners had opposite goals, farmers want to grow food to feed their family but landowners forced them to grow cash crops, such as cotton, as a result farmers had to buy food from the local store which was usually owned by the landlord, farmers didn't have enough money to pay for goods, as a result many were caught in a cycle of debt and farmers had to use one year's harvest to pay the previous year's bills.
how did reliance on cotton production contribute to poverty in the Deep South?
It exhausted the soil and reduced the amount of land available for food crops, as a result the South had to import half its food.
What were the goals and tactics of the Ku Klux Klan?
Goals: to restore Democratic control of the South and keep former slaves powerless.
Tactics: beat people and burned homes, lynched some victims,killing them on the spot without a trial as punishment for a supposed crime. The Klan also attacked white Republicans.
Why was the Klan successful?
Klan victims had little protection, Military authorities in the South often ignored the violence.
How did the actions of the Klan benefit the Democratic Party?
Klansmen kept Republicans away from the polls increasing the power of the Democrats.