28 terms

Color Unit Thompson

visual response to different wavelengths or light indentified as red, green, blue, and so on
Three physical properties of color
hue, intensity, value
Color value
relative degree of lightness or darkness
actual color you're referring to/ generic name of a color
saturation, strength, or purity of a hue. A vivid color is of high intensity; a dull color is of low intensity
2 systems of color
additive & subtractive (method at which you make white
additive color
color created by superimposing light rays. Adding together three primary colors of light ( red, blue, green) will produce white. Secondaries are cyan, yellow, magenta (based on light)
Primary light colors
red, green, blue
subtractive color
sensation of color that is produced when wavelengths of light are reflected back to the viewer after all other wavelengths have been subtracted and observed (based on pigment
Primary pigment
red, blue, yellow
secondary color
color produced by a mixture of 2 primary colors (purple, green, and orange)
tertiary (intermediate)
color resulting from mixture of all three primaries
relating to color perceived only in terms of neutral grays from light to dark; without hue
the inclusion of all color wavelengths will produce white, and the absence of any wavelengths will be perceived as black (lost hue)
Complementary colors
two colors directly opposite each other on the color wheel
analogous colors
colors that are closely related in hue
color tetrad
4 colors equally spaced on the color wheel
Color triad
3 colors equally spaced on the color wheel
High key
any color that a value has of middle gray or lighter
low key
any color that has a value level of middle gray or darker
color as seen in objective word
a preliminary hue that cannot be broken down or reduced into component color
having only one hue
color produced by mixing black with a color
color produced by mixing white and a color
simultaneous contrast
when two colors come into direct contact and the contrast intensifies the difference between them
split complement
a color and two colors on either side of its complement (scheme) Ex;) blue --> red orange/ yellow orange
the band of individual colors results when a beam of light is broken into its component wavelengths. (rainbow)