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Terms in this set (28)
the notch made into the rafter so it has full bearing on top of the wall.
a temporary board placed on a wall at an angle to the studs. When the wall is plumb, the brace is nailed on the top and bottom to keep the wall plum or, in other words, to keep it from racking.
sometimes called the top plate. It is the top board of a wall. Walls have two cap plates.
the horizontal board that rests on the top of the walls. The ceiling or drywall would be fastened to it.
short boards that run vertically below and/or above windows and doors.
boards nailed together for added strength.
the board that attaches to the ends of the trusses or roof rafters. It is the board that the gutter fastens to.
the triangular shape formed on the end of a truss roof house.
a beam running horizontally above windows, doors, or other openings to support the weight of the roof.
the main support for the jack rafters in a hip roof, normally at a 45-degree angle from the common rafters.
a rafter that spans from the top plate to the hip rafter or from the valley rafter to the ridge.
boards that run horizontally and support the ceiling or floor.
the stud running from the top to the bottom plate on either side of a window or door.
the marking of where studs and cripples are located on wall plates.
an angled cut on the end of any board.
On center (O.C)
refers to a measurement from the center of one board to the center of another.
to make it straight up and down. No racking and no leaning.
Prefabricated Roof Trusses
replace the rafters and ceiling joists used in conventional framing. The use of trusses enables the builder to construct homes with greater speed and accuracy. Trusses are normally built off site and delivered as a complete truss set.
-Top chord is the top member of the truss to which the roof would be attached.
-Bottom chord is the bottom member of the truss to which the ceiling would be attached.
-Webs are used to make the truss strong. They form triangles, which are very strong structural shapes.
-Gussets are used where the webs meet the top and bottom chords and where the top cords and bottom cord meet. Gussets are used on each side of the joint for strength.
when a wall, or a rectangular shape, leans to one side and is no longer a rectangular shape. Braces are used to keep walls from racking
the sloping boards of the roof of a building.
the highest point of a roof.
The framing of a house is called. This includes floor framing, wall framing, roof framing, window installation, and exterior door installation.
Rough opening (R.O.)
the opening left in a framed wall for a window or door.
sometimes called the bottom plate. It is the bottom board of a wall.
the upright boards in the framing of the walls. The top and bottom plates are fastened to each end of the studs. Studs for a standard eight-foot wall are precut to 92-5/8 inches.
a horizontal piece that forms the lowest part of the rough opening for a window.
the board nailed to the king stud that supports the header. This is sometimes called a jack stud.
used to join two perpendicular walls. A wall tie is two studs with three short 2" x 4"s between them. The three short 2" x 4"s should be flush with the side of the wall tie that touches the adjoining wall.
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