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A union or association formed for mutual benefit; agreements made between countries to help each other if war broke out (the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente)
patriotism and the belief that your country is better than others. This made nations assertive and aggressive.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo, started World War I.
World War I broke out here when Austro-Hungarian archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated
Attack plan by Germans, proposed by Schliffen, lightning quick attack against France. Proposed to go through Belgium then attack France, Belgium resisted, other countries took up their aid, long fight, used trench warfare.
General Von Schlieffen
He created the Schlieffen plan--a two front war with France and Russia. He was a German general.
Battle of Liège
the first battle of the war, from August 5-16, 1914 between Germany & Belgium. Germany won but suffered many losses
British Expeditionary Forces (BEFs)
-name of British ground forces
-had plans for swift intervention if Germans were to attack on Belgium and France
-British navy was better prepared
A French attack aimed to regain land loss during the Franco-Prussian war in 1880. There were heavy losses on the French side and was then abandoned.
Battle of Mons
British held up the Germans troops for 48 hours before falling into a retreat all the way to the outskirts of Paris for 2 weeks until the start of the Battle at the Marne
First Battle of the Marne
On September 6, The French attacked a gap in the German line at the Battle of the Marne. For three days, France threw everything into the attack. Finally, the Germans fell back. Paris and France had been miraculously saved.
war from inside trenches enemies would try killing eachother with machine guns and tanks, and poison gas
General Von Falkenhayn
Moltke's successor, he sought success by an attack on the French stronghold of Verdun.
First Battle of Ypres
(October and November of 1914)
Allied troops ended all hopes of a German advance, leading to a stalemate and the beginning of trench warfare.
Race to the Sea
The name given to a period of World War I when, on the Western Front, the two sides were still engaged in mobile warfare. With the German advance stalled at the First Battle of the Marne, the opponents continually attempted to outflank each other through north-eastern France. This process brought the forces back to positions prepared under British Admiralty guidance, on the North Sea coast in Western Belgium. The nature of operations then changed to trench warfare, which is very large scale siege warfare. This produced a continuous front line of trench fortifications more than two hundred miles long, which by the following Spring extended from the coast to the Swiss border.
conforming exactly or almost exactly to fact or to a standard or performing with total accuracy
the standard means of deploying artillery to support an infantry attack. The infantry would follow the advancing artillery as close as possible. this was found to be way more effective than weeks of preliminary bombardment
the strait between the Aegean and the Sea of Marmara that separates European Turkey from Asian Turkey
the way of getting soldiers from the sea to the land, landing forces from the sea
having to do with tactics especially naval or military tactics; marked tactics or deft maneuvering
line of trench systems established in 1917 that were the last and strongest of the German army's defence on the Western Front
Battle of Passchendaele
was one of the worst slaughters of World War I. During the summer and fall of 1917, Allied troops fought through endless rains across fields of deep mud, to capture the small town of Passchendaele in Belgium.
3rd battle of Ypres
500,000 people wounded or dead
one of the first battles the americans participated in
a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parameters
the Germans torpedoed and sunk this passenger ship off the coast of Ireland drawing the United States into WWI
January 1917 the British intercepted a telegram from the German government to the Mexican government offering German support if Mexico declared war against the US; offered to return land Mexico lost the US
Ludendorff/ Spring offensives
a series of German attacks along the Western Front during World War I, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914. The German authorities had realised that their only remaining chance of victory was to defeat the Allies before the overwhelming human and matériel resources of the United States could be deployed.
Hundred Days Offensive
final offensive of WWI, Aug-Nov 1918, western front, prominent Canadian participation, final retreat of the Germans
viral infection of the respiratory system characterized by chills, fever, body aches, and fatigue.
Free Corps, the paramilitary units composed of ex-soldiers which sprang up throughout Germany after 1918. This group of former soldiers helped the nationalist right to deal with the communist threat in the immediate aftermath of the First World War
This currency was put in place in the Weimar Republic to replace the deutschemark (1:1000 value) in order to curb inflation.
Drafted into German Army, but unfit for service. Tried to commit suicide. Artist, [1900-1925] Part of New Objectivity. Communist who went to America. Influenced by Expressionism and Dada; made critical paintings. (1) Pillars of Society, (2) Montage Man John Heartfield.
German artist turned machine gunner. took Nietzsche and the Bible with him to war. went to experience the worst possible experience. made grotesque and shocking art (even before the war). painted to rid himself of the war.
United States film actress (born in Germany) who made many films with Josef von Sternberg and later was a successful cabaret star (1901-1992)
United States architect (born in Germany) and founder of the Bauhaus school (1883-1969)
Locarno Pact 1925
all European nations, especially Germany, promised to settle disputes peacefully (without combat)
Young Plan 1929
Schedule that set limits to Germany's reparation payments and reduced the agreed-on time for occupation of the Ruhr.
Dawes Plan 1924
Negotiated by Charles Dawes, it rescheduled German reparations payments and opened the way for further American private loans to Germay
German Foreign Minister who assumed leadership of government and got the French to move out of the Ruhr
German Nazi who was chief of the SS and the Gestapo and who oversaw the genocide of six million Jews (1900-1945)
Gestapo deputy chief who set out to gain the final solution to the Jewish Question.
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