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30 terms

AS Sociology AQA - Families and Households

Unit One of the AS Level Sociology Textbook.
STUDY
PLAY
Nuclear Family
A household run by a married heterosexual couple and their two children.
Primary Socialisation
First stage in the process of learning the culture in your society; takes place within the family.
Triple Shift
Unpaid domestic labour, paid work and emotion work
Radical Feminism
Form of feminist theory that believes that gender inequality is the result of male domination in all aspects of social and economic life.
Marxism
the economic and political theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels that hold that human actions and institutions are economically determined and that class struggle is needed to create historical change and that capitalism will ultimately be superseded
Functionalism
A broad perspective in sociology and anthropology which sets out to interpret society as a structure with interrelated parts. Functionalism addresses society as a whole in terms of the function of its constituent elements; namely norms, customs, traditions and institutions. A common analogy presents these parts of society as "organs" that work toward the proper functioning of the "body" as a whole.
Marxist Feminism
explains both victimization and criminality among women in terms of gender inequality, patriarchy, and the exploitation of women under capitalism.
Liberal Feminism
Form of feminist theory that believes that gender inequality is produced by unequal access to civil rights and certain social resources, such as education and employment, based on sex. Liberal feminists tend to seek solutions through changes in legislation that ensure that the rights of individuals are protected.
Patriarchy
System of social organization in which males dominate the family and where public institutions, descent, and succession are traced through the male line.
Polygamy
Having more than one spouse at a time
Neo-Conventional Family
Differs form the convential family e.g dual earner
Lone Parent Families
-Family that consists one parent and 1 or more biological or adopted children
Infant Mortality Rate
the number of deaths in the first year of life for every 1,000 live births
Fertility Rate
the average number of children a woman of childbearing years would have in her lifetime, if she had children at the current rate for her country
Birth Rate
the ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area
Life Expectancy
The average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social, economic, and medical conditions. Life expectancy at birth is the average number of years a newborn infant can expect to live.
Aging Population
population in which the percentage of those over 65 years is increasing
Monogamy
marriage to only one person at a time
Serial Monogamy
a succession of short monogamous relationships (as by someone who undergoes multiple divorces)
Conjugal roles
The roles played by a man and woman (traditionally husbands and wives) in a domestic setting i.e. the home. It particularly focuses on the 'domestic division of labour' i.e. who does what jobs in the home. It is the expected behaviour of husbands and wives.
Instrumental role
the position of the family member who provides the family's material support and is often an authority figure (traditionally taken by a man)
Expressive role
the emotional role of providing a supportive home for a family (traditionally taken by a woman)
Symetrical family
Both partners take on both roles in the households e.g. women out to work and the men help at home
Child centred society
A society that focuses on the safety and education of children
Unit of production
Where the pre-industrial family works together to produce the goods and services needed for it's own survival.
Cereal packet family
The ideological happy nuclear family
Family nexus
A family that has close bonds betwen it's members
Netmigration
The difference in the numbers of Emmigation and Immigration
Emmigration
the movement of individuals out of an area
Immigration
migration into a place (especially migration to a country of which you are not a native in order to settle there)