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Unit One of the AS Level Sociology Textbook.

Nuclear Family

A household run by a married heterosexual couple and their two children.

Primary Socialisation

First stage in the process of learning the culture in your society; takes place within the family.

Triple Shift

Unpaid domestic labour, paid work and emotion work

Radical Feminism

Form of feminist theory that believes that gender inequality is the result of male domination in all aspects of social and economic life.


the economic and political theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels that hold that human actions and institutions are economically determined and that class struggle is needed to create historical change and that capitalism will ultimately be superseded


A broad perspective in sociology and anthropology which sets out to interpret society as a structure with interrelated parts. Functionalism addresses society as a whole in terms of the function of its constituent elements; namely norms, customs, traditions and institutions. A common analogy presents these parts of society as "organs" that work toward the proper functioning of the "body" as a whole.

Marxist Feminism

explains both victimization and criminality among women in terms of gender inequality, patriarchy, and the exploitation of women under capitalism.

Liberal Feminism

Form of feminist theory that believes that gender inequality is produced by unequal access to civil rights and certain social resources, such as education and employment, based on sex. Liberal feminists tend to seek solutions through changes in legislation that ensure that the rights of individuals are protected.


System of social organization in which males dominate the family and where public institutions, descent, and succession are traced through the male line.


Having more than one spouse at a time

Neo-Conventional Family

Differs form the convential family e.g dual earner

Lone Parent Families

-Family that consists one parent and 1 or more biological or adopted children

Infant Mortality Rate

the number of deaths in the first year of life for every 1,000 live births

Fertility Rate

the average number of children a woman of childbearing years would have in her lifetime, if she had children at the current rate for her country

Birth Rate

the ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area

Life Expectancy

The average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social, economic, and medical conditions. Life expectancy at birth is the average number of years a newborn infant can expect to live.

Aging Population

population in which the percentage of those over 65 years is increasing


marriage to only one person at a time

Serial Monogamy

a succession of short monogamous relationships (as by someone who undergoes multiple divorces)

Conjugal roles

The roles played by a man and woman (traditionally husbands and wives) in a domestic setting i.e. the home. It particularly focuses on the 'domestic division of labour' i.e. who does what jobs in the home. It is the expected behaviour of husbands and wives.

Instrumental role

the position of the family member who provides the family's material support and is often an authority figure (traditionally taken by a man)

Expressive role

the emotional role of providing a supportive home for a family (traditionally taken by a woman)

Symetrical family

Both partners take on both roles in the households e.g. women out to work and the men help at home

Child centred society

A society that focuses on the safety and education of children

Unit of production

Where the pre-industrial family works together to produce the goods and services needed for it's own survival.

Cereal packet family

The ideological happy nuclear family

Family nexus

A family that has close bonds betwen it's members


The difference in the numbers of Emmigation and Immigration


the movement of individuals out of an area


migration into a place (especially migration to a country of which you are not a native in order to settle there)

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