12 terms

SOL 5: Part 2

The student will demonstrate knowledge of the issues involved in the creation and ratificatioin of the Constitution of the United States and how the principle of limited government, consend of the governed, and the social contract are embodied in it by identifying themajor compromises neessary to produce the Constitution, and the roles of James Madison and George Washington.
The Constitution
This established a goverment that shared power between the national government and state goverments, protected the rights of states, and provided a system for orderly change through amendments to the Constitution itself.
Federal Law
This was the supreme law of the land when constitutional, but otherwise gave the states considerable leeway to govern themselves.
This was balanced between large and small states by creating a Senate and a House of Representatives.
Where each state has two senators.
House of Representatives
Where membership was based on population
Slaves Representation
Placated the Southern states by counting slaves as three-fifths of the population when determining representation in the House of Representatives
Co-Equal Branches
Legislative, Executive and Judicial, with numerous checks and balances.
Key Leaders
George Washington an d James Madison
George Washington
President of the Convention, he presided at the Convention and, although seldom participating in the debates, lent his enormous prestige to the proceedings.
James Madison
"Father of the Constitution", Virginian and brillian political philosopher, often led the debate and dept copious notes of the proceedings, he authored the "Virginia Plan" and later authored much of the Billl of Rights.
Madison's Notes
The best record historians have of what transpired at the Constitutional Convention.
Virginia Plan
Proposed a federal goverment of three separate branches (legislative, executive, judicial) and became the foundation for the structure of the new government.