How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Intro to Counseling

STUDY
PLAY
Counseling
Short-term wellness policy that concentrates on change, prevention and intervention
Guidance
helping people making important choices by discovering what they value most
Psychotherapy
emphasizes the past, insight more than change
ACA
American Counseling Association (National Vocational Guidance Association and American Personnel and Gudiance Association)
NBCC
National Board of Certified Counselors
LPC
Licensed Practicing Counselor
NCC
National Certified Counselor
Registration
In some states, basically just states you have a degree
Certification
Pass National counselor Exam
Licensure
License to Practice, pass exam and supervision hours
ASCA
American School Counseling Association
CACREP
Council for the Accreditation of Counseling and Relate Educational Programs
Frank Parsons
Father of Guidance
Jesse B. Davis
1st systemized school guidance
Clifford Beers
Wrote "A Mind that Found Itself" dealt with Mental Illness
EG Williamson
Career Tests, Appitude Test movement
John Brewer
Education as Guidance, Goal of School was to get a career
Carl Rodgers
client centered approach, emphasis on technique and mehtod
National Defense Education Act (NDEA)
idetified scientifically gifted students during the cold war. 4 times the amount of school counselors
Gilbert Wrenn
"The Counselor in a Chaning World" focused on developmental lifespan not just careers
Community Mental Health Centes Act
require local help for mentally-ill instead of just 1 state hospital. created lots of new mental health counselors
ACES
Association of Counseling Education and Supervision
Ethics
Discipline within philosophy t hat is concerned with human conduct and moral decision making. What counselors "should" adhere to
Laws
Minimum standsards of behavior for society -- the Musts
nonmaleficence
to do no harm
beneficence
to do good
justice
fair
fidelity
faithful
veracity
honest
autonomy
respecting client's freedom
confidentiality
Counselor's promise to client to keep information private
Privacy
Client's right to share or not share information
Privileged communication
legal right to withhold information from courts
Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)
Parents have rights to students records
Tarasoff vs. Board of Regents
Duty to Protect, break confidentiality to the protect intended victim
Health Information Protection and Privacy Act
HIPPA, protects the records and information of medical clients
Foot in the Door
Give a small task then build up
Door in the Face
Start with a large task then make it smaller
YAVIS
Young, attractive, verbal, intelligent
Functinoal Fixity
thinking our perceptions are accurate
Reframing
changing what the client thinks about something into a more managable situation
Johari Window
increase the open area
Empathy
entering clients world and coming back to your own
Basic Empathy
Counselor reponds to client's needs, client feels understood
Advanced Empathy
Counselor explores client's feelings, themes, and emotions
Primary Empathy
Acurate reflection of what the client has expressed
Subtractive Empathy
accurate but pssimistic, client stays in same place
Additive Empathy
accurate and leads to developing solutions
Immediacy
Stating the obvious to a client
transference
client's projection onto counselor
contertransference
counslor's projection onto client
Overidentification
desire to please client, loss of objectivity
Disidentification
emotionally removed from client