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Early Middle Ages


1/10 of ones earnings


writing rooms; where monks copied the works of the Christian Bible and Classical Latin authors


used to stabilize marriages, so church began this emphasis

nuclear family

household made up of a mother, father, and children


warriors swore an oath of loyalty to their leader; fought for their chief and in turn took care of their needs


the land or some other type of income granted to a vassal in return for their military service


an agriculture estate operated by a lord and worked by peasants


not like slaves; could not be sold or bought. they were subservient to their lords services, pay rents, and be subject to the Lord's jurisdiction


the land retained by the lord

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