5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- every vassal swore first allegiance to William over all other lords, making him the liege lord
- schools, hospitals, and hospice for travelers and pilgrims
- lay investiture (secular rulers claiming the right to appoint church officials)
- his domain (Ile-de-France) was very small, and he posed no threat/challenge to nobles
- colonization of England; they cut down primeval forests and developed heavy clay soil of central England for cultivation
- a Why did French nobles elect Hugh Capet as the French king in 987 A.D.?
- b What "key" action was taken by William I to strengthen the allegiance of English nobles to the monarchy and central government?
- c What was the "key" issue over which popes and Holy Roman Emperors clashed?
- d What types of social services did monasteries and convents provide during the Middle Ages?
- e What was the greatest achievement of the Anglo-Saxons?
5 Multiple choice questions
- What non-religious (non-dogmatic) reform was instituted by Pope Gregory VII?
- What concession to the Holy Roman Emperor(s) did the Catholic Church make as a result of the Concordat of Worms?
- What was the function of the earliest juries in the English judicial system?
- What restrictions did the Catholic Church impose on Jews during the Middle Ages?
- What was Henry II's greatest contribution to the growth of strong central government in England?
5 True/False questions
~1 - established continuity by: (A) each king ruled long time (average 30 plus years), and (B) each king had son crowned before dying - (smooth succession)
~2 - gained complete control of personal domains - became base from which to expand power
~3 - established efficient and loyal bureaucracy by: (A) collected taxes, (B) imposed royal law (to increase the power of the central government), and (C) "A and B" increased prestige - helped gain support of middle class towns
~4 - Capetians (especially Louis VI the Fat) allied with Catholic Church by: (A) used armies to protect monasteries and towns complaining of oppression by feudal lords, and (B) used feudal law to force lords to appear in court and stripped nobles of possessions → Through what means did the early Capetian kings strengthen theirs and the power of the central government in France?
ruled England - Normandy - Anjou (northern France south of Normandy) → What concession to the Holy Roman Emperor(s) did the Catholic Church make as a result of the Concordat of Worms?
manual labor → What type of behavior/activity was stressed in the Benedictine Rule?
1 - placed limits on power of king
2 - financial limits established on "scutage" (shield money) and inheritance for fiefs
3 - widows could not be compelled to remarry-remarriage did require lord's consent
4 - guarantees of basic rights to all English citizens (A) right of representative parliament to control taxation, (B) right of trial by a jury of peers (as several clauses were interpreted later in the 16th and 17th centuries) → What principles were contained in the Magna Carta when it was first promulgated in 1215 AD?
~1 - used paid officials who were loyal to him and were drawn from Church, middle class, poorer nobility
~2 - granted charters to new towns
~3 - organized a standing army
~4 - introduced national tax → Through what means/actions did Philip II strengthen the power of the central government during his reign?