5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Albigensian Heresy
- 1 - placed limits on power of king
2 - financial limits established on "scutage" (shield money) and inheritance for fiefs
3 - widows could not be compelled to remarry-remarriage did require lord's consent
4 - guarantees of basic rights to all English citizens (A) right of representative parliament to control taxation, (B) right of trial by a jury of peers (as several clauses were interpreted later in the 16th and 17th centuries)
- every vassal swore first allegiance to William over all other lords, making him the liege lord
- lay investiture (secular rulers claiming the right to appoint church officials)
- Henry claimed right to try clerics accused of crimes (e.g., murder) in civil court. Thomas fiercely opposed king on issue
- a What "key" action was taken by William I to strengthen the allegiance of English nobles to the monarchy and central government?
- b What heresy was used by Philip II to justify his military action(s) in southern France?
- c What was the "key" issue over which popes and Holy Roman Emperors clashed?
- d What principles were contained in the Magna Carta when it was first promulgated in 1215 AD?
- e What was the issue over which Henry II and Thomas Becket quarreled?
5 Multiple choice questions
- What non-religious (non-dogmatic) reform was instituted by Pope Gregory VII?
- Why did French nobles elect Hugh Capet as the French king in 987 A.D.?
- What was Henry II's greatest contribution to the growth of strong central government in England?
- As he began his reign, what territories did Henry II of England control?
- What concession to the Holy Roman Emperor(s) did the Catholic Church make as a result of the Concordat of Worms?
5 True/False questions
~1 - established continuity by: (A) each king ruled long time (average 30 plus years), and (B) each king had son crowned before dying - (smooth succession)
~2 - gained complete control of personal domains - became base from which to expand power
~3 - established efficient and loyal bureaucracy by: (A) collected taxes, (B) imposed royal law (to increase the power of the central government), and (C) "A and B" increased prestige - helped gain support of middle class towns
~4 - Capetians (especially Louis VI the Fat) allied with Catholic Church by: (A) used armies to protect monasteries and towns complaining of oppression by feudal lords, and (B) used feudal law to force lords to appear in court and stripped nobles of possessions → Through what means did the early Capetian kings strengthen theirs and the power of the central government in France?
schools, hospitals, and hospice for travelers and pilgrims → What types of social services did monasteries and convents provide during the Middle Ages?
1owning land and 2participating in many occupations like trade and handicrafts → What types of social services did monasteries and convents provide during the Middle Ages?
when Philip sent troops to arrest Boniface and the pope escaped → What was the most obvious manifestation of the decrease in papal prestige resulting from the clash between Pope Boniface and Philip IV of France?
1set minimum age for marriage, 2Church courts fined men who seriously injured wives (rule of thumb), and 3double standard-Church punished women for offenses more harshly than men → In what ways did the Church attempt to protect women during the Middle Ages?