5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Henry claimed right to try clerics accused of crimes (e.g., murder) in civil court. Thomas fiercely opposed king on issue
- Albigensian Heresy
- ~1 - used paid officials who were loyal to him and were drawn from Church, middle class, poorer nobility
~2 - granted charters to new towns
~3 - organized a standing army
~4 - introduced national tax
- his domain (Ile-de-France) was very small, and he posed no threat/challenge to nobles
- every vassal swore first allegiance to William over all other lords, making him the liege lord
- a What was the issue over which Henry II and Thomas Becket quarreled?
- b What "key" action was taken by William I to strengthen the allegiance of English nobles to the monarchy and central government?
- c Through what means/actions did Philip II strengthen the power of the central government during his reign?
- d Why did French nobles elect Hugh Capet as the French king in 987 A.D.?
- e What heresy was used by Philip II to justify his military action(s) in southern France?
5 Multiple choice questions
- In what ways did the Church attempt to protect women during the Middle Ages?
- What was the function of the earliest juries in the English judicial system?
- What sacraments were the faithful permitted to receive during "Church lockout"?
- As he began his reign, what territories did Henry II of England control?
- What was Henry II's greatest contribution to the growth of strong central government in England?
5 True/False questions
when Philip sent troops to arrest Boniface and the pope escaped → What sacraments were the faithful permitted to receive during "Church lockout"?
manual labor → What heresy was used by Philip II to justify his military action(s) in southern France?
One of these, I think it's the one in bold:
1 - extended Cluniac reforms throughout entire institution of Church
2 - prohibited Simony - buying and selling of Church offices
3 - outlawed marriage for priests
4 - forbade lay investiture - prohibited appointment of Church officials by secular rulers → What types of social services did monasteries and convents provide during the Middle Ages?
1return to poverty - not manual labor, 2emphasis on prayer and liturgical ceremony, 3end secular interference (end interference of kings, nobles, etc.) → What was the most obvious manifestation of the decrease in papal prestige resulting from the clash between Pope Boniface and Philip IV of France?
pope relinquished demand to rule religious estates in Germany → What sacraments were the faithful permitted to receive during "Church lockout"?