5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Philip tried to collect taxes from clergy without papal consent
- Albigensian Heresy
- every vassal swore first allegiance to William over all other lords, making him the liege lord
- ~1 - used paid officials who were loyal to him and were drawn from Church, middle class, poorer nobility
~2 - granted charters to new towns
~3 - organized a standing army
~4 - introduced national tax
- ruled England - Normandy - Anjou (northern France south of Normandy)
- a What heresy was used by Philip II to justify his military action(s) in southern France?
- b As he began his reign, what territories did Henry II of England control?
- c Over what issue did Philip IV and Pope Boniface clash?
- d Through what means/actions did Philip II strengthen the power of the central government during his reign?
- e What "key" action was taken by William I to strengthen the allegiance of English nobles to the monarchy and central government?
5 Multiple choice questions
- What was Henry II's greatest contribution to the growth of strong central government in England?
- What was the greatest achievement of the Anglo-Saxons?
- In what ways did the Church attempt to protect women during the Middle Ages?
- What was the "key" issue over which popes and Holy Roman Emperors clashed?
- What sacraments were the faithful permitted to receive during "Church lockout"?
5 True/False questions
manual labor → What heresy was used by Philip II to justify his military action(s) in southern France?
~1 - established continuity by: (A) each king ruled long time (average 30 plus years), and (B) each king had son crowned before dying - (smooth succession)
~2 - gained complete control of personal domains - became base from which to expand power
~3 - established efficient and loyal bureaucracy by: (A) collected taxes, (B) imposed royal law (to increase the power of the central government), and (C) "A and B" increased prestige - helped gain support of middle class towns
~4 - Capetians (especially Louis VI the Fat) allied with Catholic Church by: (A) used armies to protect monasteries and towns complaining of oppression by feudal lords, and (B) used feudal law to force lords to appear in court and stripped nobles of possessions → What was the most obvious manifestation of the decrease in papal prestige resulting from the clash between Pope Boniface and Philip IV of France?
called to give evidence on which they had personal knowledge, accuse suspected criminals, and testify to royal order and finances in area → What was the function of the earliest juries in the English judicial system?
1owning land and 2participating in many occupations like trade and handicrafts → What types of social services did monasteries and convents provide during the Middle Ages?
One of these, I think it's the one in bold:
1 - extended Cluniac reforms throughout entire institution of Church
2 - prohibited Simony - buying and selling of Church offices
3 - outlawed marriage for priests
4 - forbade lay investiture - prohibited appointment of Church officials by secular rulers → What was the most obvious manifestation of the decrease in papal prestige resulting from the clash between Pope Boniface and Philip IV of France?