5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Henry claimed right to try clerics accused of crimes (e.g., murder) in civil court. Thomas fiercely opposed king on issue
- 1 - placed limits on power of king
2 - financial limits established on "scutage" (shield money) and inheritance for fiefs
3 - widows could not be compelled to remarry-remarriage did require lord's consent
4 - guarantees of basic rights to all English citizens (A) right of representative parliament to control taxation, (B) right of trial by a jury of peers (as several clauses were interpreted later in the 16th and 17th centuries)
- Albigensian Heresy
- development of Common Law
- ruled England - Normandy - Anjou (northern France south of Normandy)
- a What principles were contained in the Magna Carta when it was first promulgated in 1215 AD?
- b What was the issue over which Henry II and Thomas Becket quarreled?
- c What was Henry II's greatest contribution to the growth of strong central government in England?
- d What heresy was used by Philip II to justify his military action(s) in southern France?
- e As he began his reign, what territories did Henry II of England control?
5 Multiple choice questions
- What was the most obvious manifestation of the decrease in papal prestige resulting from the clash between Pope Boniface and Philip IV of France?
- What type of behavior/activity was stressed in the Benedictine Rule?
- Why did French nobles elect Hugh Capet as the French king in 987 A.D.?
- Through what means/actions did Philip II strengthen the power of the central government during his reign?
- What types of social services did monasteries and convents provide during the Middle Ages?
5 True/False questions
1set minimum age for marriage, 2Church courts fined men who seriously injured wives (rule of thumb), and 3double standard-Church punished women for offenses more harshly than men → What types of social services did monasteries and convents provide during the Middle Ages?
every vassal swore first allegiance to William over all other lords, making him the liege lord → What types of social services did monasteries and convents provide during the Middle Ages?
called to give evidence on which they had personal knowledge, accuse suspected criminals, and testify to royal order and finances in area → What was the most obvious manifestation of the decrease in papal prestige resulting from the clash between Pope Boniface and Philip IV of France?
~1 - established continuity by: (A) each king ruled long time (average 30 plus years), and (B) each king had son crowned before dying - (smooth succession)
~2 - gained complete control of personal domains - became base from which to expand power
~3 - established efficient and loyal bureaucracy by: (A) collected taxes, (B) imposed royal law (to increase the power of the central government), and (C) "A and B" increased prestige - helped gain support of middle class towns
~4 - Capetians (especially Louis VI the Fat) allied with Catholic Church by: (A) used armies to protect monasteries and towns complaining of oppression by feudal lords, and (B) used feudal law to force lords to appear in court and stripped nobles of possessions → What concession to the Holy Roman Emperor(s) did the Catholic Church make as a result of the Concordat of Worms?
1owning land and 2participating in many occupations like trade and handicrafts → What restrictions did the Catholic Church impose on Jews during the Middle Ages?