5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- every vassal swore first allegiance to William over all other lords, making him the liege lord
- called to give evidence on which they had personal knowledge, accuse suspected criminals, and testify to royal order and finances in area
- development of Common Law
- Albigensian Heresy
- ~1 - established continuity by: (A) each king ruled long time (average 30 plus years), and (B) each king had son crowned before dying - (smooth succession)
~2 - gained complete control of personal domains - became base from which to expand power
~3 - established efficient and loyal bureaucracy by: (A) collected taxes, (B) imposed royal law (to increase the power of the central government), and (C) "A and B" increased prestige - helped gain support of middle class towns
~4 - Capetians (especially Louis VI the Fat) allied with Catholic Church by: (A) used armies to protect monasteries and towns complaining of oppression by feudal lords, and (B) used feudal law to force lords to appear in court and stripped nobles of possessions
- a What was Henry II's greatest contribution to the growth of strong central government in England?
- b What "key" action was taken by William I to strengthen the allegiance of English nobles to the monarchy and central government?
- c Through what means did the early Capetian kings strengthen theirs and the power of the central government in France?
- d What was the function of the earliest juries in the English judicial system?
- e What heresy was used by Philip II to justify his military action(s) in southern France?
5 Multiple choice questions
- What was the issue over which Henry II and Thomas Becket quarreled?
- What principles were contained in the Magna Carta when it was first promulgated in 1215 AD?
- Why did French nobles elect Hugh Capet as the French king in 987 A.D.?
- What type of behavior/activity was stressed in the Benedictine Rule?
- What was the "key" issue over which popes and Holy Roman Emperors clashed?
5 True/False questions
1set minimum age for marriage, 2Church courts fined men who seriously injured wives (rule of thumb), and 3double standard-Church punished women for offenses more harshly than men → What was the most obvious manifestation of the decrease in papal prestige resulting from the clash between Pope Boniface and Philip IV of France?
Philip tried to collect taxes from clergy without papal consent → What was the most obvious manifestation of the decrease in papal prestige resulting from the clash between Pope Boniface and Philip IV of France?
One of these, I think it's the one in bold:
1 - extended Cluniac reforms throughout entire institution of Church
2 - prohibited Simony - buying and selling of Church offices
3 - outlawed marriage for priests
4 - forbade lay investiture - prohibited appointment of Church officials by secular rulers → What types of social services did monasteries and convents provide during the Middle Ages?
ruled England - Normandy - Anjou (northern France south of Normandy) → As he began his reign, what territories did Henry II of England control?
schools, hospitals, and hospice for travelers and pilgrims → What sacraments were the faithful permitted to receive during "Church lockout"?