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72 terms

VMT Chapter 10: Skin

From An Illustrated Guide to Veterinary Medical Terminology (Romich)
STUDY
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bulbs of heel
upward thickening of the frog above the heels of the wall
horns
permanent structures of frontal skull bone that grow continuously after birth
nonpolled
having horns
papilloma
benign epithelial growth that is lobed
periople
flakey tissue band at the junction of coronary band and hoof wall; extends distally
petechiae
small, pinpoint hemorrhages
patch
localized skin color change greater than 1 cm in diameter
coronary band
region where hoof meets the skin
frog
V-shaped pad soft horn found in central region of ventral hoof surface of equine
quicking
trimming the nail or claw to the level of the dermis
onychomycosis
superficial fungal infection of the claw
urticaria
hives
polled
hornless
tactile
touch
debridement
removal of tissue and foreign material to aid healing
laceration
accidental cut into skin
cauterization
destruction of tissue using electric current, heat or chemicals
carbuncle
cluster of furuncles
abscess
localized collection of pus
pustule
small, circumscribed, pus-filled skin elevation
cellulitis
inflammation of connective tissue
granuloma
small area of healing tissue
diffuse
widespread
scale
flake
hypersensitization
increased response to an allergen
dermatophytes
superficial fungi found on the skin
fistula
abnormal passage from an internal organ to a body surface
bars
raised V-shaped structure on ventral surface of hoof
purulent
containing or producing pus
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
footrot
bacterial hoof disease
burn
tissue injury caused by heat, flame, electricity, chemicals or radiation
wall
epidermal tissue of the equine hoof that includes the toe, quarters, and heels
intradermal skin testing
injection of test substances into the skin layer to observe a reaction
atopy
hypersensitivity reaction in animals involving pruritus with secondary dermatitis
sebaceous cyst
closed sac of yellow, fatty material
vesicle
contained skin elevation filled with fluid (more than 0.5 cm in diameter)
infestations
occupation and dwelling of a parasite on the external surface of tissue
lance
to open or pierce with a lancet (scalpel blade) to allow drainage
ungulate
hooved animal
lipoma
benign growth of fat cells
melanoma
tumor or growth of pigmented skin cells
biopsy
removal of living tissue for examination of life
myiasis
infestation by fly larvae
acute moist dermatitis
bacterial skin disease that is worsened by licking and scratching
exfoliative
falling off
ecchymosis
purplish nonelevated patch of bleeding into the skin; a bruise
sole
softer hoof tissue located on the ventral surface of the hoof
pyoderma
skin disease containing pus
contusion
injury that does not break the skin
hyposensitization
decreased response to an allergen
antler
non-permanent structure of the skull that is shed and regrows annually
exanthema
cutaneous rash caused by fever or disease
furuncle
localized skin infection in a gland or hair follicle
erythema
skin redness
localized
within a well-defined area
purpura
condition characterized by hemorrhage into the skin that causes bruising
dermatomycosis
abnormal skin condition caused by superficial fungus
circumscribed
contained in a limited area
skin tags
small growths that hang from the body by stalks
lesion
pathologic change of tissue
ulcer
erosion of skin or mucous membrane
abrasion
injury in which superficial layers of skin are scraped
alopecia
hair loss resulting in hairless patches or complete lack of hair
carcinoma
malignant neoplasm of epithelial tissue
pallor
skin paleness
verrucae
warts
comedo
blackhead
laser
light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation
keratosis
abnormal condition of epidermal overgrowth and thickening
seborrhea
skin condition characterized by overproduction of sebum (oil)
gangrene
necrosis associated with loss of circulation