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15 terms

Figurative languge

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Simile
Comparing 2 different things using LIKE or AS. Ex: She ran like a cheetah through the wide, open field.
Metaphor
Comparing 2 different things without LIKE or AS.
Ex: She was a cheetah, tearing through the open field.
Onomatopoeia
A realistic sounding word.
Ex: Crash! Pow! Kerplunk!
Hyperbole
A huge exaggeration.
Ex: I'm so hungry, I could eat a horse.
Alliteration
Repeating consonant sounds (not letters)
"The rushing river runs rampant..."
Assonance
Repeating vowel sounds. "...the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore..."
Symbolism
Using one thing to represent something else.
Ex: sunny day = happiness rainy day = sadness
Personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
Ex: "The leaves danced in the wind.
Imagery
vivid use of language that evokes a reader's senses
Ex: "The smell of baking bread took her back to her grandmother's warm and sunny kitchen."
Foreshadow
A hint to what is coming later in the story. Ex: Red Riding Hood's mom warning her to be careful on the path to her grandmother's house.
Cliche
An often-used saying.
Ex: Winners never quit; quitters never win. No guts, no glory.
Irony
The use of words to express something other than and especially the opposite of the literal meaning. Ex: "Be quiet!" the librarian screamed.
Repetition
repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis either in the same line or throughout a literary work.
Ex: "Row row row your boat...."
Rhyming
Words that have the same ending sound.
Ex: "The Cat in the Hat"
Idiom
An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally.
Ex: "Get your head out of the clouds"