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18 terms

The Late Republic (Ch. #10 Sec. #3)

STUDY
PLAY
The Gauls
Who took over Rome in 387 BC?
huge amounts of gold
What did the Romans have to give the Gauls to get them to leave the city?
As they defeated groups that attacked them they took over their land
Why did the Roman Republic grow?
legends of up to 6000 soldiers were divided into centuries or groups of 100 soldiers
How was the Roman army organized?
Roman farmers couldn't grow enough food for the growing population
Why did Rome have to import food from other parts of the mediterranean?
Romans made coins out of copper, silver and other metals
How did Romans pay for the food they imported?
Carthage
Who did Rome fight in the Punic Wars?
Sicily
What island did Carthage and Rome fight for?
Hannibal
Which general from Carthage tried to capture Rome?
war elephants
What animals did Hannibal use in battle?
3
How many Punic Wars were their?
Carthage was destroyed and most of its people were killed
What happened to Carthage during the third Punic War?
Romans adopted ideas about literature, art, philosophy, religion and education
What happened when Rome took over Greece?
He wanted to create farms for the poor romans
How did Tiberius try to keep the poor citizens happy to prevent rebellions?
He wanted to create farms for the poor romans
How did Gaius Gracchus try to keep the poor citizens happy to prevent rebellions?
He encouraged them to join the army
What did Gaius Marius do to help poor people?
Sulla
Who won the battle between Marius's and Sulla's armies?
6,000
How many slaves did Rome execute after Spartacus was defeated?