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Terms in this set (...)

rock-forming mineral
one of the common minerals that make up most of the rocks of Earth's crust
granite
a usually light-colored igneous rock that is found in continental crust
basalt
a dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in oceanic crust
grains
the particles of minerals or other rocks that give a rock its texture
texture
the look and feel of a rocks surface
ingenous rock
type of rock that forms from the cooling of molton rock at or below the surface
sedimentary rock
type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or remains of plans and animals are pressed and cemented together
metamorphic rock
type of rock that forms from an exisiting rock that is changed by heat, pressure, or chemical reactions
extrusive rock
igneous rock that forms from lava on Earths surface
intrusive rock
igneous rock that forms when magma hardens beneath Earth's surface
sediment
small, solid pieces of material that come from rocks or organisms
erosion
destructive process in which wawter or wind loosens and carries away fragments of rock
deposition
process by which sediment settles out of the water or wind that is carrying it
compaction
process by which sediments are pressed togheter under their own weight
cementation
process by which dissolved minterals crystallize and glue particles of sediment together into one mass
clastic rock
sedimentary rock that forms when rock fragments are squeezed together under high pressure
organic rock
sedinmentary ock that forms from remains of organisms deposited in thick layers
chemical rock
sedimentary rock that forms when minerals crystallize from a solution
coral reef
structure of calicte skeletons built up by coral animals in warm, shallow ocean water
foliated
term used to describe metamorphic rocks that have grains arranged in parallel layers or bands
rock cycle
series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that slowly change rocks from one kind to another