government chapter 10
Terms in this set (42)
we elect others to represent us in government. Aka-"republic"
The British Parliament and early state legislatures were bicameral.
a bicameral legislature settled a conflict between the (population)Virginia and (equality) New Jersey plans
one house can act as a check over the other house.
house of representatives
mike rounds and john thune
(of Congress)- lasts for 2 years, the time between national elections.
the period of time during which each year, Congress assembles and conducts business.
Congress ends each session when it wants to. Both houses must agree to adjourn
meetings called while congress is adjourned.
Usually deal with emergency situations
Only the President may call for these.
May involve either or both houses.
how many seats are there in the house?
how long is the houses term?
how old do you have to be?
how long do you need to be a citizen? or resident
Legislative district lines are drawn to the advantage of the party that controls the state legislature.
redistribute of the seats of the house after each decennial census ( 10 years)
off year election
election that is not the same year of a presidential election
how is a special session different from a regular session?
regular one is scheduled and special is not
when does the congress adjourn
at the end of a session everyone has to agree to end a session
who has the power to prorogue a session of congress
how are the seats in the house apportioned
among the states on the basis of the respective populations
when are the next off year elections?
2018 and 2022
single member district
one Congressman is elected from each district.
All the voters from the state vote for all the Congressmen.
why do politicians gerrymander districts
they have been drawn to the advantage of the political party that controls state legislature
reapportionment act of 1929
the permanent size of the house is set at 435.
following each census the census bureau determines how many seats each state has.
when the plan is ready the president sends it to congress.
if it isnt rejected in 60 day it goes into effect.
how big is the senate?
how long is the senates term?
how old do you have to be for the senate?
30 years old
how long do you have to be a citizen and resident for senate?
how is senate chosen?
Originally chosen by state legislatures.
17th Amendment Senators picked by popular election.
senate is a continuous body
all of the seats are never up for election at the same time
are people and interests the senators represent
what does a legislator do?
what do members do as part of a congressional committee?
screen proposals that are refereed to the committees in each chamber
how does a member of congress act as a trustee?
decide on each question as its mermits call issues as they see them
how does a member of congress act as a delegate?
chases solutions based on the agents of those that elected him
what does a partisan value most while voting on a bill?
they feel duty bound to vote in line with wishes of their party leaders
how does a member of congress act as a politico?
they attempt to combine basic elements of trustee delegate and partisan
it allows them to mail letters and other materials postage free by substituting their facsimile signature (frank) for the postage
the ppeople and interest that an elected official represents
review legislative commities of the polices and programs of the executive branch