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Scramble for Africa
1880s~1890s; wave of European colonialism in the African continent; dominated by Britain in the east and France in the northwest; also occupied by other European countries like Germany and Belgium
1857-1858; sparked by cultural conflicts between the British and the highly contrasting Indian Hindus; Indian Mutiny, Sepoy Mutiny; angered the British causing a direct and oppressive rule to be cast over the Indian subcontinent
Congo Free State/ Leopold II
The Congo became King Leopold II of Belgium's private property under his direct rule; extracted wealth in the form of products like rubber, copper; worst abuse of Europe's Second Wave colonization
19th Century; Dutch Government Policy; At least 20% of products from the lowly farmers were to be sold to government officials so that they could heavily mark up the prices for optimal profit
Cash Crop Agriculture
Farming operations designed solely for selling and profit making purposes; as opposed to subsistence farming
Gained the most benefit from western colonization; Asia and Africa; followed western customs to show approval of Europeanism; grew discontent when they were unable to gain equal status to the Europeans
Africanization of Christianity
Similar to syncretic religions; incorporation of Christianity to local beliefs such as animism and shamanism
1863-1902; Indian Hindu; spoke at the World Parliament of Religions at Chicago, Illinois; Ramakrishna Mission; spread Hindu teachings to America
A sense of European supremacy; subject to much controversy as to it's origins; sparked by earlier movements of social darwinism
1832-1912; father of Pan-Africanism; African who sought to find equality with all races of the world; every race had a role in the grand plot of world civilization
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