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By Jacob Ooton and Alain Estrada

Scramble for Africa

1880s~1890s; wave of European colonialism in the African continent; dominated by Britain in the east and France in the northwest; also occupied by other European countries like Germany and Belgium

Indian Rebellion

1857-1858; sparked by cultural conflicts between the British and the highly contrasting Indian Hindus; Indian Mutiny, Sepoy Mutiny; angered the British causing a direct and oppressive rule to be cast over the Indian subcontinent

Congo Free State/ Leopold II

The Congo became King Leopold II of Belgium's private property under his direct rule; extracted wealth in the form of products like rubber, copper; worst abuse of Europe's Second Wave colonization

Cultivation System

19th Century; Dutch Government Policy; At least 20% of products from the lowly farmers were to be sold to government officials so that they could heavily mark up the prices for optimal profit

Cash Crop Agriculture

Farming operations designed solely for selling and profit making purposes; as opposed to subsistence farming

Western-Educated Elite

Gained the most benefit from western colonization; Asia and Africa; followed western customs to show approval of Europeanism; grew discontent when they were unable to gain equal status to the Europeans

Africanization of Christianity

Similar to syncretic religions; incorporation of Christianity to local beliefs such as animism and shamanism

Swami Vivekananda

1863-1902; Indian Hindu; spoke at the World Parliament of Religions at Chicago, Illinois; Ramakrishna Mission; spread Hindu teachings to America

European Racism

A sense of European supremacy; subject to much controversy as to it's origins; sparked by earlier movements of social darwinism

Edward Blyden

1832-1912; father of Pan-Africanism; African who sought to find equality with all races of the world; every race had a role in the grand plot of world civilization

Colonial Tribalism

Europeans would invent imaginary tribes in European African colonies to assert their supremacy

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