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Newborn Complications

Terms in this set (25)

• Asphyxia: Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen. Interferes with cardiac status. Check respirations, heart rate via umbilical cord, color and O2 sat. May be able to give narcan depending on what meds mom was on during labor.

• Transient tachypnea of the newborn: appears soon after birth.. accompanied by retractions, expiratory grunting, cyanosis. Retained lung fluid. Resolves in 12-72 hours. Because of respiratory status, baby may not be able to feed. Nursing interventions: providing o2, ensuring warmth, observing respiratory status frequently, provide explanation to reassure parents, provide surfactant.

• Meconium aspiration syndrome: Abnormal inhalation of meconium produced by a fetus or newborn. Already took some sort of insult while inter. Surfactant is diminished or absent. Tachypnia, cyanosis, retractions, nasal flaring. Even if it is light meconium. Depending on how thick the fluid is, try and suction before they take the first breath. Suction Mouth first! Take to warmer bed and intimate with ET tube and use meconium aspirator.

• Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn: Combined findings of pulmonary hypertension, right-to-left shunting, and a structurally normal heart. Is the failure of the normal circulatory transition that occurs after birth; causes hypoxemia. May have abnormal lung development. Cause isn't always known. Baby is in respiratory distressed. Watch O2 sats. Preductal post ductal pulse ox. If different, cardiac issue may be present.